The Goods and services tax in India comprise of Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) as one of its components. CGST is an indirect form of tax that is levied and collected by the central government on supplies between states. Though, the supplies exclude alcoholic liquor for human consumption. The taxes are implied as per the rules of Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017. The act was formed to provide the guidelines to regulate the collection of the tax levied on the intra-state supply of goods and services by the CG and for the other matters concerning the same. However, certain changes has been introduced in the CGST (Fourteenth amendment) Rules, 2020 to amendment in CGST Rules, 2017.
Key Provisions of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017
The Key Provisions of CGST Act, 2017 are given as below-
- What is the scope of Supply under Goods and Services Tax
- The Tax liability for Composition dealers
- Time of Supply of Goods and Services
- Value of Taxable Supply
- Input Tax Credit
- Registration Under Goods and Services Tax
- Tax Invoice
- Tax Returns
- Payment of Taxes and provisions for reverse mechanism
The introduction of Central Goods and services Tax has replaced Central excise duty, Service Tax, Additional Customs Duty, Additional Excise Duty, duty imposed under medicinal and toiletries preparation and Special additional duty of customs.
Read our article:The Migration to the New Tax Structure under GST Transition Process
Certain Important Changes Introduced under CGST (Fourteenth amendment) Rules, 2020
On the recommendation of the council of ministers, the central government has notified to insert important changes introduced under CGST (Fourteenth amendment) Rules, 2020.
The highlights of the amended provisions in the existing CGST (Fourteenth amendment) Rules, 2020 are as follows:
Time Limit for Grant of System-Based GST Registration has been Increased (Rule-9)
The time limit for system-based Goods and Services registration tax has been increased from 3 days to 7 days, now. Meaning which, that now the authorised department will have review and grant Goods and services Tax registration within 7 days rather than in 3 days; which was the earlier time limit specified in the previous rules. The day counts from the date on which the registration application has been filed.
As per the Rule 9, the verification of the application is to be done through biometric-based Aadhaar authentication and taking photograph/KYC of the applicant.
In the situations, where the applicant fails to undergo the Aadhaar Card authentication or when the authorised department is suspicious and feels that the verification should be carried out physically, then the time limit for grant of system-based Goods and Services registration shall be 30 days instead of 7 days.
Additional Provisions for the Cancellation of the GST Registration (Rule 21)
More conditions have been inserted in order to cancel the registration of the Goods and services Tax.
Goods and Service Tax department is now eligible to cancel GSTIN (Goods and Services tax identification Number) (Rule 21A)
Power has been allotted to the GST department to cancel the GSTIN. An officer of the same department can move forward with the proceedings to cancel the Goods and Services Tax identification Number of a tax payer, when the tax payer has availed Input Tax Credit (ITC) exceeding the amount than that permissible in Section 16. Clause (e) has been inserted in Rule 21 of CGST (Fourteenth amendment) Rules, 2017.
No opportunity would be provided to the tax payer to restrict the officer from cancelling his GSTIN, if the authorised officer has sufficient and reasonable grounds (if an analysis of GSTR-1 of the taxpayer and suppliers / other analysis shows significant amount of differences) to believe that the GSTIN of a tax payer is liable to be cancelled.
The limit of for Claiming ITC – Rule 36(4)
Restriction has been imposed in respect of invoices or debit notes, 10 % cap of claiming ITC has now been reduced to 5%. The reduction in the of 5% in ITC claims means that a taxpayer’s ITC claim shall now be restricted to 105% of the Credit reflected in his GSTR 2B. The provision shall come in force from 1st January, 2021.
Restrictions on Electronic Credit Ledger (Rule 86A)
Another restriction has been imposed on taking advantage of the Electronic credit ledger by insertion of new provision that is Rule 86B. The tax payers are not allowed to utilize the amount stored in electronic credit ledger to get rid of his liability towards output tax in excess of 99% of such tax liability.
GSTR 1 to be Blocked in Case of Non-Filing of GSTR 3B
If a taxpayer fails to file Form GSTR 3B for two succeeding months then Form GSTR 1 will be blocked. Previously non filing of Form GSTR 3B used to result in stalling the E-way Bill facility but from now it will also block Form GSTR 1 of the taxpayer. Correspondingly, for quarterly return filing, the taxpayer who fails to file GSTR 3B for the previous quarter will not be allowed to file GSTR 1 of succeeding quarter.
Central Government on the commendations of the Council has informed the CGST (Fourteenth amendment) Rules, 2020 to amend the CGST Rules 2017. In every way, the newly introduced rules are harsher which will eventually regulate the imposition of free and fair Goods and Services Tax.notfctn-94-central-tax-english-2020