Lead Acid Battery Recycling- Brief Overview
One of the cheapest ways of storing energy is through Lead Acid Batteries. The construction of this battery includes two electrode namely- lead and other is lead oxide. These electrodes are immersed in the water solution and sulfuric acid. When the battery generates energy, the lead combines with the sulphuric acid and creates lead sulphate. The lead oxide combines with the hydrogen and sulphuric acid and creates lead sulphate and water. As the battery gets discharged the lead sulphate builds up on the electrode and the water builds up in sulphuric acid solution. This process will be reversed when the battery is charged.
The lead acid battery, if not handled or disposed of properly, can contaminate soil and ground water. It can also become a cause for environmental pollution. Hence, proper Lead Acid Battery Recycling is necessary to avoid major environmental hazard.
Rules and Regulations Governing Lead Acid Battery Recycling
These rules governing Lead Acid Battery Recycling is called the Batteries (Management and Handling) Rules, 2001. These rules shall be applicable to every manufacturer, importer, re-conditioner, assembler, dealer, recycler, auctioneer, consumer, & bulk consumer.
Lead Acid Batteries Recycling
The demand of lead acid batteries has gone up significantly. Some of these batteries are currently in use and some are in the process of disposal and recycling. 98% of a lead acid battery can be reclaimed through recycling. The lead, plastic and acid components can be re-processed and manufactured into other products as well.
After the batteries are collected, they are broker apart and the sulphuric acid is neutralized and turned into sodium sulphate. The lead and polypropylene parts are separated by putting the broken battery pieces in a vat and the lead falls to the bottom and the plastic materials float. The plastic pieces are collected and the liquid is drained off to retrieve the lead. Both lead and plastic casings are recycled into new batteries or used in other products.
The recycling of the lead-acid battery is prevalent since a long time, especially in industrialized countries. In developing countries, the industrial recycling facilities employ various manual techniques where batteries are broken, emptied, separated and charged manually. The lead extracted is refined and put into ingots manually which creates a hazard for workers and environment in general.
Therefore there is a need to implement effective control measures in the battery recycling plant to protect the workers health and to prevent pollution.
Responsibilities of a Recycler
Every recycler shall:
Procedure of Registration for Lead Acid Batteries Recycling
The procedure for registration of recyclers is as follows;
- Copy of valid consents under Water (prevention and control of pollution) Act and Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981
- Copy of the valid authorization under Hazardous Wastes ( Management and Handling)Rules, 2008/2016;
- Copy of valid registration certificate with District Industries Centre;
- Copy of proof of installed capacity issued by SPCB/Distinct Industries Centre.
Validity and Renewal of the Registration
The registration shall be valid for a period of two years from the date of issue of the registration. The validity can be extended by applying for renewal. For renewal of the registration, an application for renewal of registration can be made in Form VI before the expiry of the registration. The Ministry of Environment & Forests or any officer designated by the Ministry or an agency designated by it has the authority to renew the registration of the recycler.
Cancellation of the Registration
The MoEF can cancel or suspend the registration if the registered recycler fails to comply with the registration conditions or with any provisions of the Act but not before providing an opportunity to the applicant of being heard.
The state board shall monitor the compliance of conditions. Further an appeal can be made against any order of suspension/cancellation or refusal of registration passed by MoEF. Such appeals should be in writing and it must be accompanied with a copy of order appealed against.
Tips for Lead Acid Battery Recycling Plant Owners
Some important tips that Lead Acid Battery Recycling Plant owners should adopt:
How Corpbiz can assist you?
We at Corpbiz will help you obtain the registration for Lead Acid Battery Recycling from the concerned authority for proper management of hazardous wastes and provide complete support for setting up a Lead Acid Battery Recycling Plant Therefore, Contact Corpbiz today!