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Overview on EPR Authorization for E-waste

EPR stands for Extended Producers Responsibility, is a policy of the government under which producers are given the vital responsibility for the treatment and disposal of the consumer goods. The EPR authorization is mandated for the producers, importers, manufacturers, and brand owners. EPR is a practice that encompasses a combination of environmental, economic, and social factors. EPR is a policy strategy in which producers are held financially and physically responsible for the handling and disposal of post-consumer items. Assigning such responsibility might, in theory, create incentives to reduce waste at the source, promote environmentally friendly product design, and support public recycling and waste management aims. The OECD is moving toward expanding EPR to include additional products, product groups, and waste streams such as electrical appliances and electronics products.

Policies concerned with Extended Producer Responsibility 

In India, EPR came into existence to deal with E-waste. Therefore, the central government decided to introduce the E-waste management act 2016. The EPR focuses on:-

  • As per the environmental guidelines, the producers, importers, manufacturers, and brand owners are responsible for reducing the pollution created through E-waste. 
  • It is envisaged under rule 13 (1) rules 2016, Central pollution control board mandated to grant, renew or refuse Extended producers responsibility (EPR).
  • Central pollution control board (CPCB) Directed on the enforcement of EPR, which contains specific directions for the manufacturers for channelizing, recycling, storage, dismantling, and refurbishment. 

Who can apply for the EPR license?

So, the Producer, Importer, brand owners, and manufacturer can apply for the EPR license in India. EPR certification is mandatory for all manufacturers and importers of E-waste in India. The E-waste certification is required for the Indian and foreign manufacturers or the importers of electoral and electronic equipment under the EPR authorization. 

apply for the EPR license

Authorization for EPR in E-Waste Management

Considering the growing volume of e-waste in India, the government decided to look at their policy options. It determined that putting the responsibility for the post-consumer phase of specific items on the makers could be a viable alternative. Producers are assigned significant financial and physical responsibility for the handling or disposal of post-consumer items under the Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) policy approach. Assigning such responsibility might be creating incentives to reduce waste at the source, promote environmentally friendly product design, and support public recycling and waste management goals. The OECD is expanding EPR to include additional products, product groups, and waste streams such as electrical appliances and electronics.

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Documents required for EPR authorization for E-waste

  • KYC of company signatory
  • KYC of Authorized signatory
  • IEC Code
  • Web site domain
  • Toll-free No.

What is the procedure of Grant/renewal and refusal of EPR Authorization? 

The producers, Importers, Manufacturers, and Brand owners should have to submit file before CPCB. 

Application verification

Within 25 days after receiving an application, the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) or a state pollution control board may verify and investigate the provided information.

Responsibility for Authorization for Extended Procedures (EPR)

After checking the submitted documents and being satisfied with the extended producers' responsibility plan, the Central Pollution Control Board or the State Pollution Control Board for EPR authorization for E-waste.

Validity of EPR (Extended Producers Responsibility)

The extended Producers Responsibility authorization shall be valid for five years. 

What are the roles and responsibilities of EPR in relation to E-waste?

  • Producers shall be responsible for collecting and channeling the waste from items with the same electrical and electronic equipment code.
  • Producers create a framework for channelizing e-waste gathered from distributors and authorized service centers and waste collected from "end of life" items.
  • A pre-treatment is required for hazardous compounds such as mercury and lead, and the producer is liable for disposal in treatment, storage, and disposal facility.
  • Producers must be concerned with collecting E-waste like electrical and electronic equipment from previously placed on the market through a dealer, a collection center, a Producers' Responsibility Organization, buy-back arrangements, an exchange scheme, or a deposit-refund system in the Extended Producers Responsibility plan.
  • Producers must organize an awareness program and create awareness through media, advertisement, publication, poster, or other means of communication & product user documentation accompanying the equipment.
  • Producers must provide contact details such as an address, email id, toll-free telephone number, or helpline number to consumers or bulk consumers through their website.

What are the benefits of EPR authorization in E-waste licensing

Extended producer responsibility is often discussed as a technique for countering the planned obsolescence since it financially encourages manufacturers to design for recycling and make items last longer. In addition to combatting planned obsolescence, governments may be relieved of the financial strain of paying for and handling trash by moving some of the cost burdens to the manufacturer. One of the advantages of EPR is that it grows more effective since compulsion is applied to countries that export E-waste. E-waste regulation forces infrastructure to either deal with the garbage or adapt new ways for manufacturers to make goods. As more countries adopt these policies, it becomes increasingly more complicated for others to overlook the challenges. Garbage was built up at ports after China banned importing E-waste from the United States; for example- the lack of infrastructure around recycling E-waste in the United States has been possible due to the ability to export and the neglect of producers. The burden from this growing e-waste dump is forcing countries to create their infrastructure and compelling local and federal governments to impose more controls on businesses. 

Frequently Asked Questions

A producer's commitment to assisting a reverse collection method and recycling end-of-life, post-consumer waste is known as Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR). The goal is to bring it back into the system to recover resources from the waste.

Extended producer responsibility (EPR) is an environmental protection strategy aiming at reducing the environmental impact of a product and its packaging by requiring product manufacturers to bear responsibility for the entire lifecycle of their products, particularly in terms of take-back recycling and final disposal.

By changing the way goods are constructed, EPR provides the leverage to move towards a more sustainable paradigm of material used. Producers would be encouraged to manufacture less wasteful and more economically recyclable items if they were required to pay for or be liable for trash management.

The Environment (Protection) Act of 1986, which contains three punitive measures, namely sections 15, 16, and 17, is the most important legislation dealing with electronic trash. The Environment (Protection) Act of 1986 is a broad statute, and the EPA is solely responsible for E-waste regulations.

In India, 95 percent of e-waste is recycled in the informal sector, while just 5 percent of e-waste is handled in the formal sector. About 3000 units are operating in the non-formal sector for e-waste recycling in and around India's big cities.

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