Overview of Hazardous Waste Export Authorisation
The Ministry of Environment and Forests is the nodal ministry for handling the transboundary movement of all hazardous materials and is responsible for approving their transit through any region of India. The waste that can be exported from India is stated in Schedule III, Parts A and B, and Schedule VI, and it can be done with the MoEF&CC's (Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change) prior approval. Applications for the Hazardous Waste Export Authorisation are included in Schedules III, and VI of Part A and shall be evaluated based on the importing nation's prior informed consent. Importing hazardous materials for disposal into India from any country is not permissible. To guarantee that the hazardous waste in question is managed in an environmentally sound manner, India permits the export of hazardous wastes to operators of disposal facilities or real users of the wastes with the prior informed consent of the importing nation.
Benefits of Hazardous Waste Export Authorisation
- Conservation of Resource
Hazardous Waste Authorisation encourages the 3Rs of waste – Reducing, Reusing, and Recycling. By using resources effectively and producing less garbage than usual, we can reduce the quantity of waste we produce to a manageable level. Consider packing. Not only would reducing waste protect the environment, but it will also save money or lower disposal costs. The environment benefits from recycling and reusing waste since it reduces the need to extract resources and the likelihood of contamination.
- Energy Production and Environmental Quality
Facilities for biomass gasification and anaerobic digestion take biomass, manure, or other suitable feedstock and utilise the energy contained in the organic matter to create methane or synthetic gas (gas or electricity). This lessens the possibility of viruses getting into water systems through contact with the land.
- Fertiliser and Soil Amendment
This advantageous reuse offers a natural source of nutrients for crop production when appropriately kept and administered. Additionally, it reduces the demand for fuel and other resources needed to make commercial fertiliser.
Documents required for Hazardous Waste Export Authorisation
Documents required for export authorisation by MoEFCC are as follows:
Requirement of Hazardous Waste Export Authorisation
Any occupier planning to export must apply in Form 5 to the MoEF&CC detailing their anticipated transboundary transportation of hazardous waste, proof of insurance coverage, and written prior informed consent from the importing nation. The following information must be organised before requesting Authorisation.
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Procedure for Hazardous Waste Export Authorisation
The Procedure for Hazardous Waste Export Authorisation is as follows:
- The proposed transboundary movement of hazardous wastes must be reported to the central government's Ministry of Environment and Forests in Form 1.
- After authentication, the Central Government gives a ‘No Objection Certificate’ to the proposed export with conditions as necessary.
- The Central Government would send a copy of the "No Objection Certificate" to the Central Pollution Control Board, the relevant State Pollution Control Board, and the Pollution Control Committee of the UT to ensure that any export conditions are met and that the waste shipment is handled safely.
- The exporter must ensure that the consignment is not shipped before issuing the ‘No Objection Certificate’.
- The State Pollution Control Boards or Pollution Control Committees will register the trader provisionally. If no objections are raised within 30 days, the registration will be regarded to have taken place.
- The registered trader must disclose information about such imports, information about the actual users, and quantities every quarter to the relevant State Pollution Control Board or Pollution Control Committees.
- Any decision of the State Pollution Control Board to suspend, cancel, or refuse registration shall be subject to appeal.
- The appeal must be lodged within thirty days of the order's date of passage and must be made in writing along with a copy of the order.
Frequently Asked Questions
- Protection against the risks associated with garbage disposal;
- Reduction or elimination of trash;
- Energy and natural resource conservation through recycling and recovery of waste.
- Weekly inspection of Hazardous Waste Areas
- Documentation of concern
- Proper disposal and clean-up of properly.
- Maintenance of safety equipment and structures.
- Treatment and stabilisation
- Surface storage
- landfill storage
- deep-well injection
- Acute hazardous waste,
- Severe hazardous waste,
- non-RCRA hazardous waste,
- RCRA hazardous waste,
- special waste, and
- Universal waste