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Overview of Hazardous Waste Export Authorisation

The Ministry of Environment and Forests is the nodal ministry for handling the transboundary movement of all hazardous materials and is responsible for approving their transit through any region of India. The waste that can be exported from India is stated in Schedule III, Parts A and B, and Schedule VI, and it can be done with the MoEF and CC's (Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change) prior approval. Applications for the Hazardous Waste Export Authorisation are included in Schedules III, and VI of Part A and shall be evaluated based on the importing nation's prior informed consent. Importing hazardous materials for disposal into India from any country is not permissible. To guarantee that the hazardous waste in question is managed in an environmentally sound manner, India permits the export of hazardous wastes to operators of disposal facilities or real users of the wastes with the prior informed consent of the importing nation.

Benefits of Hazardous Waste Export Authorisation

Conservation of Resource

Hazardous Waste Authorisation encourages the 3Rs of waste Reducing, Reusing, and Recycling. By using resources effectively and producing less garbage than usual, we can reduce the quantity of waste we produce to a manageable level. Consider packing. Not only would reducing waste protect the environment, but it will also save money or lower disposal costs. The environment benefits from recycling and reusing waste since it reduces the need to extract resources and the likelihood of contamination.

Energy Production and Environmental Quality

Facilities for biomass gasification and anaerobic digestion take biomass, manure, or other suitable feedstock and utilise the energy contained in the organic matter to create methane or synthetic gas (gas or electricity). This lessens the possibility of viruses getting into water systems through contact with the land.

Fertiliser and Soil Amendment

This advantageous reuse offers a natural source of nutrients for crop production when appropriately kept and administered. Additionally, it reduces the demand for fuel and other resources needed to make commercial fertiliser.

Documents required for Hazardous Waste Export Authorisation

Documents required for export authorisation by MoEFCC are as follows:

  • IEC
  • MOA
  • AOA/Partnership deed
  • Pan Card and UID of Authorized Person
  • Pan Card of the Unit
  • GST registration
  • Permission to operate the unit
  • a copy of the unit's Authorisation from the relevant SPCB
  • A lab report for the waste that will be exported

Requirement of Hazardous Waste Export Authorisation

Any occupier planning to export must apply in Form 5 to the MoEFCC detailing their anticipated transboundary transportation of hazardous waste, proof of insurance coverage, and written prior informed consent from the importing nation. The following information must be organised before requesting Authorisation.

  • The application should include the foreign importer's name and address.
  • Information on the garbage that will be exported, including its quantity, base number, functional type (single or multiple movements), chemical composition (with specifics), and physical features.
  • Any unique handling requirements.
  • Information on the Port of Entry
  • A signed undertaking that the wastes exported will be returned if the importer does not find them acceptable.

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Procedure for Hazardous Waste Export Authorisation

The Procedure for Hazardous Waste Export Authorisation is as follows:

  • The proposed transboundary movement of hazardous wastes must be reported to the central government's Ministry of Environment and Forests in Form 1.
  • After authentication, the Central Government gives a No Objection Certificate to the proposed export with conditions as necessary.
  • The Central Government would send a copy of the No Objection Certificate to the Central Pollution Control Board, the relevant State Pollution Control Board, and the Pollution Control Committee of the UT to ensure that any export conditions are met and that the waste shipment is handled safely.
  • The exporter must ensure that the consignment is not shipped before issuing the No Objection Certificate.
  • The State Pollution Control Boards or Pollution Control Committees will register the trader provisionally. If no objections are raised within 30 days, the registration will be regarded to have taken place.
  • The registered trader must disclose information about such imports, information about the actual users, and quantities every quarter to the relevant State Pollution Control Board or Pollution Control Committees.
  • Any decision of the State Pollution Control Board to suspend, cancel, or refuse registration shall be subject to appeal.
  • The appeal must be lodged within thirty days of the order's date of passage and must be made in writing along with a copy of the order.

Frequently Asked Questions

The Ministry of Environment and Forests grants Authorisation for hazardous waste disposal.

The generator oversees disposing of its waste safely and is also in charge of cleaning up after an accident.

The main goal of Hazardous Waste Export Authorisation is:

  • Protection against the risks associated with garbage disposal.
  • Reduction or elimination of trash.
  • Energy and natural resource conservation through recycling and recovery of waste.

The steps in dealing with hazardous waste are as follows:

  • Weekly inspection of Hazardous Waste Areas
  • Documentation of concern
  • Proper disposal and clean-up of properly
  • Maintenance of safety equipment and structures

The methods for treating hazardous waste are:

  • Treatment and stabilisation
  • Surface storage
  • landfill storage
  • deep-well injection

The Hazardous Waste Management Rules regulate the handling, generation, processing, treatment, packaging, storage, transportation, use, reprocessing, collecting, conversion, and offering for sale, destruction, and disposal of hazardous waste safely.

Classification of Hazardous Waste is as follows:

  • Acute hazardous waste
  • Severe hazardous waste
  • non-RCRA hazardous waste
  • RCRA hazardous waste
  • special waste and
  • Universal waste

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