FSSAI Basic Registration - An Overview
FSSAI (Food Safety and Standards Authority of India) is a premier government body that underpins standards for the selling, packaging, or storage of food items in India. To ensure utmost food safety, the FSSAI has mandated every food business operator to secure an applicable food license. FSSAI functions under the aegis of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and the Government of India. FSSAI outlines various guidelines and standards in accordance with the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006.
FSSAI Basic Registration generally covers the small FBOs. It is entirely distinct from the FSSAI central and state license. FSSAI Basic registration can be secured electronically by filling the FSSAI registration form on an electronic system known as Food Licensing & Registration System (FLRS).
FLRS also enables the applicant to track the submitted application during the processing stage. Almost, 35 States/Union Territories have been granted a license/registration certification electronically. The FSSAI license is usually granted for a timeframe ranging from 1-5 years. The license holder should renew their certification before thirty days of the expiration date via the FLRS portal.
Key Functions performed by FSSAI in India
- Outlining rules and regulations pertaining to food safety and awareness
- Granting food licenses to eligible food businesses
- Setting out procedures & norms for food testing labs
- Facilitating recommendations to GOI in outlining new policies
- Collecting data related to contaminants in food articles
- Identifying the potential risks in the food sector or supply chain of food
- Conducting an on-site inspection of the premises dealing with food processing or manufacturing
- Leveraging rapid alert system for speedy detection of problems with food items available to masses
FSAAI has underpinned a stringent operating framework for proprietary food units as most of them operate without any regulations. The authority has not allowed these entities to function without legal consent. It is vital for entities in the food sector regardless of their scope of operation and annual turnover to register with FSSAI.
Potential Benefits of Securing an FSSAI Basic Registration
Despite being a legal compulsion the FSSAI Basic Registration renders dozens of benefits to the Food business operators. The common benefits of securing FSSAI Basic Registration include
- Ensure better customer retention
- Instill trust among the target consumer
- Allow the business to thrive without legal hassles
- Ensure business expansion and better earning
Who are mandatory to secure the FSSAI Basic Registration?
The FSSAI basic registration is mandatory for small businesses generating turnover fewer than Rs.12 lakhs/annum. Apart from this fundamental criterion, the following businesses are also mandatory to secure this registration.
|Items / Dealers||Capacity|
|Food capacity (Milk & milk products, meat & meat products are not allowed)||Less than 100 kg/ltr per day|
|Milk||500 litres per day|
|Milk solids||2.5 Metric Ton (MT) per annum|
|Vegetable oil or the process||Turnover of up to 100 kg or ltr per day.|
|Meat processing production||More than 100 kgs per day or 30 MT per day.|
|Slaughtering capacity||Less than 2 large animals or 10 small animals or 50 poultry birds per day.|
|Food units other than the above mentioned||100 ltr/Kg per day.|
|Cold storage||Turnover of up to Rs.12 lakhs per annum.|
|Wholesalers||The yearly turnover of up to Rs.12 lakhs.|
|Retailers||The yearly turnover of up to Rs.12 lakhs|
|Distributors||The yearly turnover of up to Rs.12 lakhs.|
|Suppliers||The yearly turnover of up to Rs.12 lakhs.|
|Dhaba owners||Rs.12 lakhs turnover per annum.|
|Clubs/Canteen||Rs.12 lakhs turnover per annum.|
|Hotels/Restaurant||Rs.12 lakhs turnover per annum.|
|Transporters||Rs.12 lakhs turnover per annum.|
Fundamental Documentations required to Secure FSSAI Basic Registration:
- Photo identity of the FBO
- Identity proof such as a Voter Id, Ration Card, PAN Card, DL, Aadhaard Card, Passport, Senior Citizen Card, etc.
- List of proposed food articles
- Form-B (duly filled and approved by the applicant)
- Partnership Deed/ Certificate of Incorporation (COI)/ Memorandum of Association(MOA)/ Articles of Association (AOA)
- Proof of the business place such as a lease or rental agreement
- Food safety management system (FSMS) plan
- Supporting dossiers (if any0 such as NOC of Panchayat/ Municipality, health NOC
- List of raw materials suppliers
- Form IX
- Water test report facilitated by certified NABL certified lab.
- Import-export code (aka IEC) granted by DGFT
- List of machines and equipment present at the facility
- List of directors and Partners list
Procedure for applying for FSSAI Basic Registration
- Every petty FBO shall register themselves with the Registering Authority (RA) by furnishing a registration form (Form A) under schedule 2 of these regulations along with standard fee as cited in Schedule 3.
- The petty food manufacturer shall comply with underlying hygiene & safety norms cited in Part I of Schedule 4 of these norms & facilitate a self-attested document cum declaration of adherence to these norms with the form in the format cited in Annexure-1 under Schedule.
- The Registering Authority (RA) shall consider the application form and may either accord registration or revoke it with concrete reasons to be recorded in written or grant notification for inspection, within seven days of receipt of a registration form.
- In the case of an inspection being executed, the registration shall be accorded by the RA after being satisfied with the underlying conditions for safety, hygiene, and sanitary of the premises as cited in Part II of Schedule $ within the timeframe of 30 days.
If registration is not accorded or revoked, or inspection does not take place within 7 days cited in above sub-regulation (3) or no decision is communicated within thirty days timeframe as cited in the above sub-regulation (4), the business owner may commence its business undertaking, provided that it will be incumbent on the FBOs to meet any improvement directed by the RA even later.
Provided that registration shall not be refused without giving the applicant an opportunity of being heard and for reasons to be recorded in writing.
- The Registering Authority (RA) shall accord a registration certificate & a photo identification card, which shall be displayed at a business place at all times or cart or vehicle or any other place where the individual carries the food business in case of Petty Food Business.
- The Registering Authority (RA) or any institution authorized for this purpose shall inspect the registered business place at least once a year.
Penalties for not complying with FSSAI’s Guidelines
If an FBO is found guilty of undertaking business activities without a valid FSSAI license, he/she may confront the jail term for a specified timeframe along with a monetary fine of up to 5 lakhs.FSS Act encloses the given penal provisions against the actions that are punishable offenses:
- Any individual trading non-branded food article, either himself or via a third party that functions independently, shall be subjected to a penalty of up to 5 lakhs.
- In this scenario, any individual selling low-quality food articles, either himself or via a third party that functions independently, shall be held accountable to face the underlying penalties.
- If individual trading, marketing, storing, or importing food items available to masses, either himself or by an individual is found with an extraneous matter, the FSSAI penalty for such parties is up to Rs 1 lakhs.
- If an individual, either himself or via a third party that functions independently manufactures or processes food items meant for masses under unsafe and unhygienic conditions shall be held accountable to face a penalty of Rs 1 lakhs.
- In severe cases where the consumer has encountered the life-death scenario due to the substandard food article, the fine may go up to Rs 5 lakh for the defaulter.
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Frequently Asked Questions
FSSAI registration process is commenced by filing an application in form A with the Food and Safety Department via the FoSCoS portal. During application filing, the candidates are required to upload the aforementioned documents in the prescribed format.
Yes, basic FSSAI registration also encompasses FBOs functioning in the online landscape.
Common documents required to apply for Basic FSSAI registration include Voted ID, Aahaar Card, DL, Health NOC, business owner’s photographs, etc.
The Licensing authority usually takes around a week or so to grant the Basic FSSAI registration from the date of application submission.
FSSAI License/ Registration refers to the fundamental legal consent required for conducting food business in India.
All food business operators, including online food operators, are mandated to register with FSSAI. Any contravention to this requirement would provoke significant penalties.
Once you secure the applicable food license, you will become eligible to sell homemade food in India
Business owners operating from their residential premises are also mandated to register with FSSAI.
Applicable FSSAI license, trade license, Fire NOC, etc.