Overview of Barcode Registration
Barcode is a machine-readable (electronic) image that is characterised by the parallel line's representation varying in width and spacing between them and digits to fetch the details of the product faster (electronically). It is used to encode the details of the product instantly, such as numbers, serial numbers and batch numbers of the product. A barcode plays a vital role in the supply chain, enabling all participants like manufacturers, wholesalers, and transporter to identify the products quickly.
With industrialisation around the world, the increase in the number of products made their identification a tedious task; hence, there was a need for a proper system that helps in easy identification. So, in the year 1970, the Universal Bar Code system was invented in the USA. Barcode is now used for the identification of products and used widely in supermarkets, clothing stores, malls, etc. and has a number of inherent benefits like the elimination of errors, time-saving, cost-effectiveness and ease of managing inventory. The global identification systems assist the parties in their supply chain, like manufacturers and wholesalers, in easily identifying the products.
In India, GS1 is a non-profit organisation under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry that manages and standardises barcodes used by retailers, manufacturers, etc., and it was established in the year 1996.
Types of Barcodes
Above mentioned types have commonly identified the type of barcodes at the global level. However, there are other types of barcodes also that are recognised widely. Such types are as follows:
Here is a Table with the List of Types of Barcodes Depending on the Products and Their Industries:
UPC A OR UPC/E
Retail, Logistic and Manufacturing
Automotive and Defence
Retail and healthcare
Benefits of Barcode Registration
Barcodes are used to provide a unique symbol, parallel lines and a number that are read by a scanner to get all the information about products from their database. Businesses use barcodes for the following benefits:
Large departmental stores with a number of products managed their inventory through this barcode system. The phases of the product cycle, from its manufacture to sale, are tracked through barcodes.
All businesses hold a large chunk of IT assets, so the barcode systems are used to tag and track these assets in software assets.
The barcode system is used for tracking returns and so in the online shopping world. Barcodes are attached to invoices so as to ease the payment tracking from customers.
Barcode has all information that is automated, so there are chances of fewer errors since there is no mutual intervention in the form of data entry.
Cost-Effective and Convenient
Barcodes are easy to obtain, cost-effective and convenient to print, and it is also customised.
Barcodes have information related to product numbers, serial numbers, and batch numbers and thus ensure the products' genuineness.
The information of products captured in barcodes makes their movement smooth and hassle-free.
Registration of barcode save a lot of time and using the barcode reader, the code is scanned, and details are obtained.
Accurate and Faster Billing
The information linked to barcodes is automated and accurate and also helps in good and efficient decision-making.
Unique and Global Identification
The Barcode system facilitates unique identification that is globally recognised; hence, no two products have the same code.
Necessary Papers Required for Barcode Registration
Following are the necessary papers required for obtaining Barcode Registration:
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Procedure to Obtain Barcode Registration
Following is the complete procedure for obtaining Barcode Registration from the competent authority, i.e., GS1:
Frequently Asked Questions
For applying a barcode, first one needs to convert it to an image using software, then:
- Integrate such images into packaging design and artwork.
- Use pre-printed labels.
- Print barcodes on site directly on the packaging.
The barcodes increase productivity through automated procedures and reduce human error; thus, they are in so much demand.
George J. Laurer invented the 12-digit UPC barcode in the USA in the early 1970s; a few years later, he designed the 13-digit EAN barcode for international use (i.e., outside of the USA).
EAN 13-digit barcodes are the most common type of barcode that is used for products in India.
UPC barcodes are 12-digits long and are used primarily in the USA.
Any individual, company, organisation or group are eligible to obtain barcode registration.
GLN stands for Global Location Number, which is a number used by retailers to identify a location for suppliers.