Solid Waste Management Authorization
Solid waste refers to solid or semi-solid domestic waste, sanitary waste, institutional waste, commercial waste, horticultural waste, agricultural waste, bio-media waste and such other waste generated in the area under the local authorities and other entities mentioned under Rule 2. Solid Waste Management refers to the discipline connected to the control of generation, collection, storage, transportation, processing and disposal of the solid waste in a way that it is in the best interest of public health, engineering, economics, conservation and other environmental considerations. A person who engages in processing, treatment, recycling and disposal facility of waste must take Solid Waste Management Authorization under the Solid Waste Management Rules from the concerned department.
Who are waste generators?
Any individual or group of persons, residential/non-residential premises including Indian Railways, defense establishments generating solid waste are called waste generators.
Duties of Waste Generators
Their duties are as follows:
Rules and Regulations for Waste management in India
The following rules and regulations apply:
Municipal Solid Waste (Management and Handling) Rules 2000
This pertains to management and handling of municipal solid waste; Municipal authorities are responsible for collection, segregation, storing, transporting, processing and disposing municipal solid waste.
Biomedical Waste (Management and Handling) Regulations 1998
This regulation governs the management and handling of the bio-medical waste and extends in some manner to persons making, collecting, storing, transporting, disposing, processing or handling bio-medical waste.
E-waste (Management and Handling) Regulations 2010
This regulation governs the management and handling of electrical and electronic waste.
Features of Solid Waste Management Rules 2016
The following are some of its salient features:
Applicability of Solid Waste Management Regulations
It shall apply to all urban local bodies, census town as declared by the registrar general and census commissioner, notified areas, notified industrial townships, area controlled by the Indian Railway, airports, ports, defense establishments, SEZs, state and central govt. organizations, place of pilgrimage, religious and historical significance and to all domestic, educational, commercial and other non-residential solid waste generators located in the areas except industrial waste, hazardous waste, chemicals, bio-medical waste, e-waste, lead-acid batteries and radioactive waste covered under separate rules framed under Environment (Protection) Act of 1986.
Procedure to apply for Solid Waste Management Authorization
Please note that every person who indulges in waste management activity such as solid waste management needs to take authorization from the pollution control board. They are required to get a prior approval from the state pollution control board or pollution control committee by making an application in Form I. The Pollution Control Board shall examine the proposal for authorization and make inquiries as deemed fit, on receipt of the application for it in Form I from the local body or any agency authorized by the local body and can issue the authorization in 60 days time in Form II to the local body or to the operator of the facility or any other agency authorized by the local body laying down the compliance criteria and environmental standards as mentioned under Schedule I and II including any other conditions, as required.
The State Pollution Control Board or the pollution control committee monitors environmental standards and adherence to conditions mentioned under Schedule I and II for waste processing and disposal sites.
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Necessary Papers required for Solid Waste Management Authorization
The following necessary papers are required:
Validity and Renewal of the Solid Waste management Authorization
The authorization shall be valid for 2 years initially and after that for a period of 5 years on subsequent renewals. An application for renewal can be made in Form 4 before 60 days of expiry and the state PCB or the pollution control committee can renew after examining each case.
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