Overview on CGWA-Water Boring
To govern and control the development and management of groundwater resources in the country, the Central Ground Water Authority was constituted under Section 3 (3) of the Environmental (Protection) Act, 1986.
What are the powers and functions of the Central Groundwater Authority?
The central Groundwater authority shall have the below powers:
- The CGWA shall have the powers conferred under section 5 of the environment protection act 1986 issued directions and taking measures same referred under sub-section (2) of section 3 of the aforesaid act.
- To regulate the groundwater management and related developments in the country and issue regulatory directions for the purpose.
- It shall have the power under section 4 of the Environment protection act 1986 for the officers' appointment.
Central Groundwater Authority Regulatory Measures:
Category of Areas
The Central Ground Water Authority has notified various blocks, talukas, manuals, and regions for groundwater development and management regulation under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. Abstraction of groundwater for any purpose other than drinking and household use is prohibited in notified locations. CGWA has nominated Officer-in-Charge of Revenue District (District Collector / Deputy Commissioner / District Magistrate) as Authorized Officers for notified areas located in concerning revenue district in the exercise of duties under section 4 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. The Authorized Officer in notified regions is responsible for providing NOCs for groundwater withdrawals, monitoring violations, and enforcing penalties such as tube well closing, initiating prosecutions against offenders, and so on. Those Areas that have been notified.
Non-notified areas are blocks, talukas, Mandals, and areas that the CGWA has not notified to control groundwater development and management. In these locations, the CGWA awards NOCs for groundwater extraction to industrial, infrastructure, and mining projects that follow the guidelines/criteria for evaluating proposals/requests for groundwater abstraction.
Groundwater Abstraction Permit (NOC) (NOCAP)
After careful examination of the documents presented by the applicant, the Central Ground Water Board issues a NOC. NOCAP is the name of the online application submission method.
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You need to find out if you are eligible for a NOC from CGWA; see the given below Eligibility Criteria on the CGWA website.
- Industrial, Infrastructure and Mining are the three industry segments to which you belong.
- Fresh or saline water is the type of water you want to utilize.
- Whether you're establishing a new plant or extracting water for your existing plant & your location.