Overview of Uttar Pradesh Pollution Control Board (UPPCB)
Uttar Pradesh Pollution Control Board is a legal organization which was formed to implement environmental laws and rules within the administration of the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. The board was first formed on 3rd February 1975 under the Water Prevention and Control of Pollution Act but it was later named as UP Pollution Control Board.
UPPCB manages, control, and implement other acts as well that are correlated with the environment. UPPCB includes working as per the following ACT, which are as follows:-
What is the Purpose of UPPCB?
The purpose of UPPCB is to manage and reduce the air and water pollution in the state. It consists of certain rules and regulations which work as an enlightening tool for the factories and industries. UPPCB guides them with regard to pollution these factories and industries release and how they can reduce its quantity in the air and water. To monitor and keep check on industries UPPCB carry inspection and raids often in the state and take actions against those which do not adhere to environment laws.
It is the duty of Uttar Pradesh Pollution Control Board to keep a check on the level of air and water pollution in the state. It collects data from various sources and provides the list of data to industrial sitting and town planning board. All this activity helps the town planning board with planning and setting of industrial units specifically in those areas which are aside from residential areas.
Uttar Pradesh Pollution Control Board operates its activities through twenty-five (25) regional offices located all over the state. Head office of the UPPCB is in PICUP Bhavan, Gomti Nagar, Lucknow. The board has set up research centers for testing air and water toxins. The board is additionally associated with controlling pollution in the stream Ganga under the Ganga activity plan.
What are the Objective and Functions of UPPCB?
Who Needs UPPCB Consent Certificate?
What are the Pollution Categories under UPPCB?
The categorization is based on the relative pollution potential of the industrial sectors and pollutants likely to be generated based on raw material consumption and manufacturing processes adopted. The categorization of Industrial Sectors will be based on their Pollution Index Scores follows:
The government has come with the concept of White Category which is launched with an attempt to segregate the least polluting industry. Though, these industries do not require any consent certificate because of their non-polluting nature. The industries falling under this category operates in accordance to UPPCB categories, the white category industry type has a pollution index from 0-20. This is considered the least pollution industry type.
Industries with a pollution index of 21 to 40 falls under the Green category. It is essential for these industries to submit consent before forming the industry. As these are considered polluting industries, so these industries have to get consent to operate and consent to establish.
These industries cover the pollution index of 41 to 59. Orange category industries cannot commence their business without submitting consent certificate. And just like in the green category, orange category industries also have to submit the consent certificates before establishing and operating the industry.
Ministry of Environment and Forests has put excessively polluting industries under red category. Additionally, these are not allowed to work in an environmentally delicate or under ensured territory. Every industry that deposit hazardous and noxious materials comes under Red category industries.
Industries coming under this category are not permitted to function in UP jurisdiction. There are some red category industries which deal with perilous chemicals, automobiles, mining, Bio-medical waste, etc. Red category covers business sectors whose pollution index is above 60.
What are the Benefits of UPPCB Authorization/NOC?
Promotes Sustainable Development
It means that there should be financial growth along with ecological protection and social equity.
Prevention of Natural Resources
The UPPCB also prevents environmental/natural resources from its depletion. It helps in prevention of quality of water and air.
Efficient waste management technique can act as a great source to protect the environment. It permits and makes sure proficient waste management measures and practices with the goal that all kind of waste are reused and diminished.
UPPCB also spreads awareness in the society by compelling the people to Paper Bags, CFL, public transport and not burning firecrackers. It enhances the environmental condition; accordingly create a better life for the people of UP.
UPPCB has certain guidelines for industries and Health care Establishment following which these industries can reduce the amount of pollutants from the environment.
Introduces Low Energy Equipments
Making the work environment eco-friendly for environment by changing, productive practices like sun based lights, CNG, changing the cylinder lights to less consuming force and introducing low energy equipment, etc.
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What are the Necessary Papers Required to Obtain Consent to Establish?
The application forms are accessible on the site of the UP pollution control board. The forms can be downloaded from the official site. A large portion of the structures are in English, yet there are a few structures which are in Hindi also. Following necessary papers must be joined alongside the structures to acquire consent to build up -
What is the Registration Procedure to Obtain NOC/Authorization from UPPCB?
Consent to Established (CTE) and Consent to Operate (CTO) under Red, Orange and Green category shall be issued for maximum five years. After a given period, it is liable for renewal.
Any business entity undergoing change in business activity, expansion etc is required to file for fresh consent/CTO from Uttar Pradesh Pollution Control Committee. The step by step procedures for obtaining authorization from UPPCB are given bellow, which are as follows:-
Verification of Business Activity
All the industries who are looking for consent certificate first must verify their business activity. Once the verification is done, industries are further classified on the basis of business activity, as given above.
If the site is under re-development region, at that point SDM letter or industry assessment letter must be given, and in the event that the site isn't under redevelopment zone, at that point refusal of UPPCB assent must be given.
Online Submission of Necessary Papers
Once the checking is done, the industry needs to submit essential necessary papers on the web. https://upocmms.nic.in/UPOCMMS/
Undertaking (White)/CTE Generation (Others)
In case of white category, the UPPCB Undertaking Generation will be generated, and in the case of Orange/Green category, UPPCB CTE Application will be generated.
Submission of Hard Copy
The business needs to present a hard copy of the CTE application/ UPPCB Undertaking alongside the signature. A while later, the board gives a CTE declaration.
Pollution Control Device
Lastly, the industry needs to figure out if there is any need for pollution control device. If the answer is positive then the need arises to install the equipments of pollution control device. The UPPCB Lab will monitor the control of equipments.
Generation & Submission of UPPCB CTE/CTO Application
After this, application of CTO is generated. The industry has to submit the CTO application to UPPCB along with the signatures. Once all the verification is done, CTO certificate is issued.
Who Needs No Objection Certificate?
Not all businesses require No objection certificate, the pollution board has released certain small scale industries which are of nature from getting No objection certificate. List of Industries Who Require Consent to Establish Before Commencing the Process Of Establishing Industries are given bellow:-
What is any Grievances Arise from the Action of UPPCB?
Any request/ grievances by the UP pollution control board can be tested in the National Green Tribunal. The council has been set up to rapidly and viably discard cases as to ecological laws. In the event that an individual or industry is wronged by the order passed by the pollution control board, at that point, that order can be tested before the National green Tribunal. The time period to file a suit in the Tribunal is five years (5) from the date reason for activity has emerged.
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Frequently Asked Questions
The purpose of UPPCB is to regulate and reduce the air and water pollution in the state. It consists of certain rules and regulations which work as an enlightening tool for the factories and industries.
Follow the following steps to complain about the air pollution:
- Name of the Industry
- Name of the complainant
- Address of the Industry / Person against whom the complaint is lodged
- Nature of complaint (Briefly write about the happenings)
- Nature of the Pollution: (Air / Water / Sound)
- Address of the complainant
- Manufacturing Entities
- Health Care Establishment
- E-Waste Management Entities
- Solid Waste Management Entities
- Hazardous Waste Management Entities
- Plastic Waste Management Entities
- Bio-Medical Waste Management Entities
It collects data from various sources and provides the list of data to industrial sitting and town planning board. All this activity helps the town planning board with planning and setting of industrial units specifically in those areas which are aside from residential areas.
UPPCB includes working as per the following ACT, which are as follows:-
- Air Prevention and Control of Pollution Act,1981
- Water Prevention and Control of Pollution Cess Act, 1977
- Environment Protection Act, 1986
Uttar Pradesh Pollution Control Board operates its activities through twenty-five (25) regional offices located all over the state. Head office of the UPPCB is in PICUP Bhavan, Gomti Nagar, Lucknow.
The categorization of Industrial Sectors will be based on their Pollution Index Scores follows:-
- Red category- Score of 60/more
- Orange category- Score of 41 - 59
- Green category- Score of 21 - 40
- White category- Score of 20 or less
- Promotes Sustainable Development
- Prevention of Natural Resources
- Waste Management
- Consumer Awareness
- Introduces Low Energy Equipments