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Overview of Need for Land Waste Management

Approximately 80% of marine pollution comes from land. Our goal for Land Waste Management is to eliminate littering in our public lands and work toward a time when it is unheard of. The environment and the associated ecosystem services have deteriorated throughout time due to increased anthropogenic land-based activities and global pollution brought on by population growth and economic development. Land-based pollution comes from various sources: power generation, heavy industry, automobiles, municipal, industrial, and agricultural waste, wastewater, and nutrient runoff. This kind of pollution has a terrible effect on the waters. They are then carried to the marine environment by runoff, rivers, or the wind. According to estimates, land-based activities are responsible for 80% of the pollutant loads in seas and coastal waters. Land Waste Management helps us to prevent such harmful effects.

In India, where the population is growing daily, waste is also increasing at a concerning rate. The revised Solid Waste Management Rules (SWM), 2016, were announced by the Union Ministry of Environment, Forests, and Climate Change (MoEFCC). The rules will replace the existing Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules 2000, which have been functioning for 16 years.

The SWM Rules are applicable on:

  • Census towns
  • Urban Local Body (ULB)
  • Notified industrial townships
  • Areas under the control of Indian Railways
  • Airports
  • Special economic zones
  • Places of pilgrimage
  • Religious and historical significance
  • State and Central Government organisations
  • The new rules are now also applicable outside of municipal areas

Benefits of Land Waste Management

By addressing three major priority source categories through international voluntary multi-stakeholder partnerships of governments, the private sector, inter-governmental organisations and civil society, it is possible to combat land-based pollution that is:

  • Marine litter
  • Nutrient management, and
  • Wastewater

Land waste management is advantageous to society because of the following reasons:

  • Increases output
  • Develops ecosystem services
  • Enhances recreational and aesthetic values and benefits human health
  • Land that has undergone remediation can be used again and more profitably for social and economic reasons
  • Lessens the amount of waste that must be disposed of
  • Frees up landfill space
  • Safeguards natural resources

Documents required for Land Waste Management

Documents needed to submit a request for authorisation under the SWM Rules for Land Waste Managementare:

  • A site plan and map of the area
  • Aadhar card
  • PAN card
  • GST certificate
  • Consensus with other interested parties
  • A site clearance Document
  • The method used for processing and storing solid waste (with photographs)
  • Certificate of Consent to Establish
  • Certificate of Consent to Operate

Note: The project proponent must ensure that-

  • That the Land Waste Management procedure flow chart was followed
  • When requesting a renewal of an authorisation, a Compliance Report with respect to the prior authorisation was provided.

Requirement of Land Waste Management

According to the 2016 Solid Waste Management Rules:

  • That all Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) with a population of 100,000 or more to establish land waste treatment facilities within two years.
  • Within three years, all Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) with a population of at least 0.5 million must begin operating regular or autonomous sanitary landfills.
  • Five years are needed to bio-remediate or cap ancient, abandoned landfill sites.

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Procedure of Land Waste Management

The procedure of ID creation with MPCB of land waste management is as follows:

  • Create a registration ID with MPCB to register in the first stage.
  • Fill out the information required to register on the portal, then log in.
  • Following registration, enter the MPCB Portal.
  • MPCB must communicate any discrepancies through the industry papers section.
  • The status of the authorisation, along with a copy of the letter, will be recorded in the industry's login ID and on the MPCB website once it has been issued or cancelled.

Frequently Asked Questions

Poor waste management directly impacts numerous habitats and species, air pollution, and climate change.

Pollution of the soil and water is caused by hazardous chemicals, gases, and toxins that leak from landfills and mix with the groundwater and soil.

Unsustainable farming methods, incorrect disposal of waste (both hazardous and non-hazardous), mining (sometimes referred to as mineral extraction), unlawful dumping, and littering are all examples of environmental offences.

By keeping usable materials out of landfills, trash reduction, recycling, and reuse help reduce landfill space.

Land waste can be disposed of by using a land disposal unit, such as a landfill, surface impoundment, waste pile, land treatment unit, or injection well.

Certain Human activities contribute to land contamination, including littering and waste from ships, rigs, and sewage treatment facilities that wash ashore.

With the 3Rs,i.e. Reduce, Recycling, Reuseand avoiding disposing of chemical waste, it is possible to minimise land waste.

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