Overview of E-Waste License for Dismantling
E-Waste/Electronic Waste refers to the waste from electronic devices such as computers, mobile phones, television etc. This kind of waste can be extremely harmful to the environment. These products release harmful chemicals such as lead, nitrogen, chromium PBC etc the improper disposal of such products can lead to heinous diseases which can be dangerous for humans as well as animals. Therefore there is a need for proper E-Waste Management. This can be done by collecting E-Waste followed by dismantling the E-Waste and finally recycling it so that it can be put to better use which can prevent pollution and promote sustainability. The first step towards the disposal of E-Waste is to obtain E-Waste License for Dismantling, which would authorise the license holder for E-Waste Dismantling through obtaining authorisation from the respective SPCBs/PCCs.
What is E-Waste Management?
E-Waste management refers to the process of collection of E-Waste, recycling and recovering the material via safe methods, as well as disposal of the waste in a proper manner.
Who are Eligible to Obtain E-Waste License for Dismantling?
E-Waste license for Dismantling can be obtained by the following:
- Any Individual
- Registered society
- A designated agency
- A company
- An association
Meaning of E-Waste Dismantling
E-waste dismantling involves breaking the final equipment into its components and segregating them for the convince of recycling. It is the process of crushing, destroying, burning and melting electronic discarded materials during the procedure, a minimal amount of plastic is recovered. The dismantling process pollutes the environment. The E-waste dismantling process reduces the environmental burden, prevents toxicity, and generates value. Dismantling is considered an essential step, which involves segregating the components into pieces that can be reused.
- Manual component dismantling separates the useable from the unusable.The recyclable fractions that include viable components are gathered.
- Hazardous and high-value components, such as P.C.B.s, are removed, and the remaining components are sent for mechanical separation.
- Appliances are dismantled to the point where manual separation is no longer practicable and then shipped to be processed.
- Mechanical shredding is required for further separation into pure materials.
What is the Dismantling Process?
A dismantling Process is a manual operation for segregating the components and returning them to the respected users/recyclers. Elements that can be directly usable shall be transferred to the authorized refurbisher. Though, other parts can be sent to recyclers with a valid C.T.O. or authorized E-waste recyclers, depending on the nature of the part. For example, aluminium and steel parts with no hazardous material could be transferred to the recyclers, and those with hazardous elements shall be forwarded to authorized e-waste recyclers.
Operations Performed By the Dismantlers
The Dismantlers can perform the following operation:
- Manual dismantling process
- The first step of the dismantling operation is that the electrical equipment should be opened manually, and there should be physical segregation and separation of each part of the electronic equipment.
- The dismantler may use screwdriver, wrenches, pliers, wire cutters, tongs, and hammers.
- After this, the dismantled components should be delivered to authorized e-waste recyclers or recyclers with valid permission to operate (C.T.O.).
- Manual dismantling shall be done on a dismantling table with a space de-dusting system to maintain the desired work zone air quality in accordance with the Factories. .
- The De dusters should have suction hood over the dismantling table which should be connected with a cyclone, bag filter, and venting through a chimney for venting a 3-metre height above the roof level.
- The collection boxes must be kept near the dismantling table for putting the dismantled items together.
- The workers must have appropriate equipment like a wire cutter and wrenches during the dismantling process.
- It is also vital for the workers to have personal protective equipment like goggles, masks, gloves, helmets, and gumboots.
- The following dismantled items and components should be removed from end-of-life products and stored safely for transportation to recyclers:
- External Electrical Cables
- Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs) of EEE
- Toner cartridges.
Dismantlers must have suitable capabilities for dealing with leaks of compressor oils, coolant/refrigerant gases like C.F.C.s/HCFCs, and mercury from end-of-life fluorescent & other mercury-containing lamps, among other things. Broken fluorescent lights & oil spills should be contained first to prevent the substance from spreading to adjacent places. Dry sand, unique booms / absorbent pads, stabilizing chemicals, and other methods may be used for later transfer to hazardous waste TSDFs.
Benefits of E-Waste License Dismantling
The benefits of E-Waste License Dismantling are given below
- It helps to preserve natural resources
- It prevents the pollution caused by release of toxic substances
- It Generates new Business and Employment opportunities
- It Promotes sustainability.
- It encourages the Consumer to take conscious efforts to protect the environment
Space Required for the Dismantlers
Dismantlers require space for keeping electrical and electronic equipment for up to 180 days, space for the dismantling and volume reduction process, space required for keeping dismantled & segregated material, and free space for the movement office/administration. For a dismantling capacity of 1T/day, a minimum of 300 square meters is expected to be needed for raw material storage, segregated material storage, dismantle activities, & office/administration & other utilities.
Essential Conditions for the Premise of Dismantling Operation
Essential Conditions for the Premise of Dismantling Operation are given below:
- Water-resistant roofing and impervious surfaces
- Storage Area for Disassembled spare part
- Separate storage containers for batteries, capacitors containing P.C.B.s (Polychlorinated biphenyls), and P.C.T.s (Polychlorinated chlorinated triphenyl) (Polychlorinated terphenyls.
Why is it important to Setup a Waste Recycling Plant?
It is important to set up a waste Recycling Plant to curb the pollution caused by the improper disposal of E-waste. The improper disposal is harmful to humans as well as animals. Therefore it is important to collect and dismantle the electronic waste properly and recycle them through a recycling plant for a healthy environment.
Licenses required for setting up an E-waste Plant
The following licenses are required to set up an E-Waste Plant
- ISO Certificate
- NOC From SPCB
- Company Incorporation
- S.T. Registration
Documents Required for Obtaining E-waste License for Dismantling
The following documents are required for obtaining E-Waste License for Dismantling:
- Aadhar card of the authorized person
- A.N. copy of the authorized person
- Factory license/trade license
- Electricity bill of the Unit Location
- O.A. (if the applicant is a Company)
- O.A. (if the applicant is a Company)
- Board resolution for appointing an authorized person.
Procedure for Obtaining E-Waste License for Dismantling
The following procedure should be followed to obtain an E-Waste License for Dismantling:
Step 1: File an Application with the SPCB: The applicant needs to file an application for E-Waste License for Dismantling with the concerned State Pollution Control Board.
Step 2: Obtain all the necessary license needed for E-waste License for Dismantling: There are certain licenses that the applicant needs to obtain before filing an application for the E–Waste License for Dismantling such as Iso Certificate, Noc from SPCB, Company Incorporation, and G.S.T. Registration.
Step 3: Submit the Application with necessary documents: The applicant needs to submit the application along with the necessary documents.
Step 4: Verification of documents and inspection of Premises: The authority shall verify the documents and inspect the premises to ensure that the premises fulfil the prerequisites of conducting the dismantling operation.
Step 5: Grant of E-Waste License for Dismantling: The authority shall issue the E-Waste License for Dismantlingafter being satisfies with the verification of the documents and inspection of premises.
How Corpbiz will assist you?
- Corpbiz will assist you in documentation
- Arrange & provide all necessary documents for registration
- Consultation on “How to obtain license”
- Regular monitoring with the government authority
- End-to-end service
Frequently Asked Questions
Dismantling is a key step in e-waste processing. It entails dismantling end-of-life equipment into its constituent parts and sorting them for recycling.
The earliest procedures include manual disassembling. Plastic, iron, monitors, lightweight metals, batteries, LCDs, and other items are separated scientifically during deconstruction and delivered to authorized recyclers approved by the KSPCB and CPCB.
Shredding the e-waste stream starts makes it easier to sort and separate plastics from metals and internal electronics. To prepare for further classification, e-waste is shredded into b as small as 100mm. Iron & steel are separated from the waste stream on the conveyor by a powerful overhead magnet.
Ensure that your electrical devices are only handled by Authorized Recyclers/Dismantlers. Call our toll-free numbers to dispose of products that have reached the end of their useful life. Drop off any used electronic items, batteries, or accessories at an Authorized E-Waste Collection Point.
Any individual component is not damaged or destroyed; dismantling is done with the same care as an assembly. The procedures of construction and disassembling are explained in this manner.
The term "disassemble" refers to the process of breaking down a gadget into its component elements. A gadget can be disassembled to check a problem, replace a part, reuse the pieces in another device, or sell the details separately.