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Sole Proprietorship Registration

A sole proprietorship is a convenient and simplified way to commence a business in India. In a sole proprietorship business there is no legal difference between the owner and the business.

  • Discussion about Business Model
  • Proprietorship Name Reservation
  • MSME and GST Registration
  • Application Submission
  • Registration Certificate in 7-15 days
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Overview of Sole Proprietorship Registration

A sole proprietorship is a type of enterprise in which business is owned and managed by an individual. In a sole proprietorship business there is no legal difference between the owner and the business. To put it in another way a sole proprietorship is not a legal entity. An owner is responsible for clearing off the debts of business. The sole proprietorship is a preferable and popular business form. It is simple and easy to form at nominal cost.

A sole proprietorship is a convenient and simplified way to commence a business in India. It is neither considered as a corporation nor a company and the business is owned by a single person who is the owner/director/shareholder of the proposed entity.

Some common examples of proprietorship business is shops such as chemist, saloons, grocery, etc.

An individual who wishes to sell his/her own products or services can run their business as a sole proprietor and can enjoy the rights provided to a registered legal company. Most of the entrepreneurs find it as an ideal business entity and have registered their business under it. The loss or profit of the company is considered as the loss or profit of the individual and the income of the company is considered as the income of the owner as per the Income Tax Act.

Registering a sole proprietorship business is a digital process that can be accompanied with the help of an expert. However, a person interested in registering as a sole proprietorship requires fulfilling some basic requirements like opening a bank account in the name of the business entity, etc.

Sole Proprietorship Registration

An individual can select any of the below-given options for the registration:

  • SME registration
  • Registration under Shop and Establishment Act as per the rules and regulations of the respective state
  • GST registration

Why should one choose a Sole Proprietorship firm?

A sole proprietor is one of the best choices for entrepreneurs who wish to handle everything on their own. Despite it, it has various benefits.

  • Provides flexibility in carrying out business activities
  • One of the oldest and easiest forms of business structures
  • Single hand control
  • Easy to start and close
  • Hazel free business structures with very few compliances
  • Self- Accountability
  • Being your own boss means you are not answerable to any shareholder/director
  • Decision-making power
  • Don’t have to share your income and profits with anyone
  • No disputes between the members

Benefits of a Sole Proprietorship Firm

Every business structure has its own benefits. Some of the specific benefits of a Sole Proprietorship Business are:

  • Individual’s Investment

    To start a sole proprietorship business, an individual who acts as a sole proprietor can invest his personal assets, other financial resources or can borrow money to commence the business activity.

  • Ownership

    A single person has the hold on the entire business and is the owner of the firm. Further, that person can transfer the ownership through a will or last testament as per his/her wish.

  • No profit or loss sharing

    All the income generated or the loss or debt incurred by the company belongs to the owner, and he/she cannot share it with someone else.

  • Unlimited Liabilities

    This feature sometimes acts as a flaw. Since business and the owner are no separate identity, personal property of the owner can be used to pay the debts of the business.

  • Fewer formalities

    With the ease of commencement, sole proprietorship comes with a few formalities before and after registration.

  • Control Power

    Control power is in the hands of a single person, and he/she is not answerable to anyone else. The person should be capable of using his skills, expertise, and intelligence to carry on business activities.

Documents Required for Sole Proprietorship Registration

Documents Required for Sole Proprietorship Registration

  • Aadhar of the Proprietor:

    The proprietor of the proposed firm has to submit a scanned copy of his/her aadhar card. Aadhar card is required to register any business in India. A person cannot file Income-tax return unless his/her PAN card is linked with aadhar card. In case you don’t have an aadhar card or its information does not match with PAN card, get it corrected before the submission.

  • PAN card of the Proprietor

    In addition to Aadhar card, PAN card is also a mandatory document for a proprietorship business registration. PAN card is issued by the Income-tax department t of India which contains a unique PAN card number. All the details of the prerequisite documents should match with the details of the PAN card.

  • Current Bank Account Details

    If the proprietor owns a PAN and Aadhar card, then he is liable to open a bank account in the name of his company. In addition to these documents, he would require identity and address proof. Documents regarding GST registration are also required to open a current bank account.

  • Office Proof

    A proprietor can carry out his business activities at any owned or rented place. He has to provide proof of his registered office, documents worked as proof are:

    In case of owned property: any utility bill such as electricity bill, gas bill, water bill, etc. along with the NOC. The bill should not be older than two months

    In case of Rented property: lease/ rent agreement along with the NOC from the landlord.

    Additionally, few registrations given as follows are required for the registration purpose of the proposed firm:

  • SME Registration

    Individual requires registering as an SME (small and medium enterprise) as per the provisions of the MSME Act. For it, you have to submit an online application. However, it is not compulsory but is beneficial for the company, especially during the time of loan requirement at a low-interest rate. The government has launched various schemes for the improvisation of SMEs registered under MSME act.

  • Shop and Establishment Registration

    Individual must have shop and establishment license as per the local laws. It is issued by the municipal parties based on the number of workers/ employees in the firm.

  • Registration under GST

    GST registration is mandatory to carry business activities in India. Even if you are doing online business, you would require a GST number. GST registration can be done in 5 working days with the following documents:

    • PAN Card of the proprietor

    • Aadhar Card of the proprietor

    • Passport size photograph of the proprietor

    • Office proof

    • Bank Statement copy that contains bank account number, IFSC code, and address

  • Post Compliances

    • One has to file annual Income Tax returns on time.

    • One has to file his GST in case they have GST registration

    • If liable for TAX audits, the individual should deduct TDS (tax deducted at source) from employees income and file TDS returns

Difference between Sole Proprietorship and One Person Company (OPC)

Both of the entities can carry on their business activities with just one person as an owner or shareholder or director. Still, there are various points of differences between them.

Point of Difference

Sole Proprietorship

One Person Company (OPC)

Limited Liabilities

A sole proprietorship is deprived of the limited liabilities of the members. Under which in case of debt or loss, the assets of the company as well as the owner would be used to incur the losses.

One Person Company enjoys the benefit of limited liability under which assets of the shareholder/ director/ owner remains protected.

Tax Liabilities

In Sole Proprietorship, the income of the entity is considered as the income of the owner and is liable to pay tax as per his income.

OPC is taxed as a Private Limited Company, and there are no separate tax brackets for it.

Conversion into other business entities

A sole proprietorship does not require converting into any public or private limited company and can carry on its business activity as a single person entity, no matter what its revenues are.

OPC has to be converted into a private limited or a public limited Company. Once it has crossed the turnover limit of Rs 2 crores for 3 years or Rs 50 lakhs as a share paid-up capital income.

Perpetual Succession

In a sole proprietorship, ownership can be granted to some other person through will and last testament that can or cannot be challenged in the court.


OPC can enjoy the rights of perpetual succession through the nominee


Sole Proprietorship has to get its account audited as per the provisions of Income-tax Act only in the case when company crosses its threshold limit

On the other hand, OPC has to fulfil all the compliances followed by a private limited company such as filing of annual returns and account audits, etc.


Company Registration

It is not so compulsory but is beneficial

Has to be registered as per the provisions of Companies Act, 2013 under the Ministry of Corporate Affairs

Foreign ownership

Cannot have foreign ownership

Allowed if one of the nominees of director is a foreign national. But both cannot be foreign nationals.


Minimum: sole proprietorship

Maximum: 1 person

Minimum: 1 person

Maximum: 2 person

Registration Procedure of Sole Proprietorship

Registration Procedure of Sole Proprietorship

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