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E-Waste Recycling Authorization

To Setup E-waste plant for recycling the old and discarded materials to protect the environment from degradation. Protect the marine environment while adhering to CPCB and SPCB regulations.

  • Assist you in the complete process
  • Assist you in completing documentation
  • Regular follow up with the government
  • provide end-to-end support
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Overview on E-Waste Recycling Authorization

E-waste is the abbreviation stands for electronic waste and discarded electronic equipment. It typically includes old and discarded computers, mobile phones and motherboards, old chargers, C.D.'s, DVDs, headphones, television, air conditioners, etc. As per the report of Global E-waste monitor in 2021, the rise of 5 million tones of waste generated in India. E-Waste is dangerous and considered toxic due to chemicals that naturally leach from the metals inside when buried. Due to the rapid technological development, more and more highly sophisticated electronic goods are produced. The majority of the world's e-waste is recycled in developing countries, where illegal and dangerous metal mining and sales are commonplace. Due to rigorous environmental regulations and rising trash disposal costs, recycling enterprises in affluent countries may discover that exporting to small traders in underdeveloped countries is more profitable than recycling in their own country. There is also extensive unlawful transboundary e-waste migration in the guise of contributions and charities from developed countries to developing countries.

Who can register under an E-waste license?

 So any individual can register for the E-waste recycling plant in India.

E-waste Recycling Plant

Let's discuss the meaning of E-waste recycling first before starting the discussion on the E-waste recycling plant. E-waste recycling is the process of reprocessing any electrical product which is discarded and rejected to reuse again. Nowadays, people are aware of the benefit of recycling E-waste, which helps control the pollution generated from E-waste. E-waste recycling plant works on segregation, dismantling, and treatment of discarded electronic products. 

Methods and Process of E-waste recycling 

  • Sorting

When the e-waste goods arrive at the recycling plant, the first step is to sort all materials.  

  • Dismantling

The second phase, after manual sorting, is manual dismantling, which is a labor-intensive operation. The shattered material is divided into two categories: one that can be reused and another that is still recycled.

  • Process for reducing large sizes

The components that cannot be dismantled are shredded alongside the other dismantled parts in this procedure.

  • The small size reduction process

The finer e-waste particles are evenly spread out on a conveyor belt. The evenly spread out e-waste particles are then broken down further.

  • Magnetic Separation

In this step, the magnet removes any magnetic items from the e-waste, such as steel and iron.

  • Separation of non-metallic and metallic components

The separation of metallic and non-metallic elements is the sixth phase. Only non-metallic elements are left in the E-Waste detritus after copper, aluminum, and brass are separated from it.

  • Separation of water

The final phase is water separation, which separates the plastic content from the glass. After separation, all retrieved materials are resold as raw materials for reuse.

Dismantling Process

The dismantling operation is essentially manual for segregating the components and returned to the respective users/recyclers. Components that can be directly usable shall be sent to the authorized refurbisher. However, other parts can be sent to recyclers with the valid C.T.O. or recognized as authorized E-waste recyclers depending on the nature of the part. For Instance- aluminum and steel parts that contain no hazardous constitutes can be sent to respective recyclers. And other parts which have hazardous elements shall be sent to authorized e-waste recyclers.

Operations of Dismantlers:

  1. De-dusting 
  2. Manual dismantling
  • After manually opening the electrical and electronic equipment into the component, the dismantling operation must include physical separation and segregation. The dismantler may use screwdrivers, wrenches, pliers, wire cutters, tongs, and hammers, among other tools.
  • Disassembled components should be delivered to authorized e-waste recyclers or recyclers with valid permission to operate (C.T.O.).
  • Manual dismantling should be done on a dismantling table with plenty of room.
  • De-dusting system to maintain the factory's desired work zone air quality Act as it has been altered over time. Suction hoods should be used in the dedusting system.
  • over a dismantling table with a cyclone, bag filter, and a chimney for venting a height of three meters above the roof level
  • For keeping the dismantled items together, collection boxes should be positioned near the disassembly table.
  • Workers should wear proper personal protective equipment during dismantling operations, such as goggles, masks, gloves, helmets, and gumboots, among other things.
  • The following dismantled items and components must be removed from end-of-life products and stored safely for transportation to recyclers:
  1. Batteries; 
  2. E.E. Printed Circuit Boards; 
  3. Toner Cartridges
  4. Plastic
  5. External electrical cables
  • Dismantlers should have suitable capabilities for dealing with leaks of compressor oils, coolant/refrigerant gases like C.F.C.'s/HCFCs, and mercury from end-of-life fluorescent and other mercury-containing lamps, among other things. Broken fluorescent lamps and oil spills should be contained first to prevent the substance from spreading to adjacent places. Dry sand, unique booms / absorbent pads, stabilizing chemicals, and other methods may be used for later transfer to hazardous waste TSDFs.

The following conditions should meet before a dismantling process can begin:

  • Water-resistant roofing and impervious surfaces
  • Disassembled spare part storage area.
  • Separate storage containers for batteries, capacitors containing P.C.B.'s (Polychlorinated biphenyls), and P.C.T.'s (Polychlorinated chlorinated triphenyl) (Polychlorinated terphenyls.

Why E-Waste Recycling Plant setup is required?

Today, the whole world is witnessing the draconian impact of e-waste pollution, which rapidly causes the degradation of the environment. Pollution due to E-waste not only caused harm only on land but in water bodies also. Many aquatic animals die due to the consumption of E-waste plastics. Thus, recycling, dismantling, and collecting E-waste plays a significant role that benefits the environment.

Space required for the Dismantlers

A dismantler requires space for storing electrical and electronic equipment for up to 180 days, space for the dismantling and volume reduction process, space for storing dismantled and segregated material, and free space for movement office/administration and other utilities. For a dismantling capacity of 1T/day, a minimum of 300 square meters is anticipated to be required for raw material storage, segregated material storage, dismantle activities, and office/administration & other utilities.

E-Waste Recycling Process

The e-waste recycling process is a time-consuming, multi-step procedure that requires many individuals to collaborate. The steps in the E-Waste recycling process are as follows:

  • Sorting

When the e-waste goods arrive at the recycling plant, the first step is to sort all materials.

  • Dismantling

The second phase, after manual sorting, is manual dismantling, which is a labor-intensive operation. The shattered material is divided into two categories: one that can be reused and another that is still recycled.

  • Process for reducing large sizes

The components that cannot be dismantled are shredded alongside the other dismantled parts in this procedure.

  • The small size reduction process

The finer e-waste particles are evenly spread out on a conveyor belt. The evenly spread out e-waste particles are then broken down further.

  • Magnetic Separation

In this step, the magnet removes any magnetic items from the e-waste, such as steel and iron.

  • Separation of non-metallic and metallic components

The separation of metallic and non-metallic elements is the sixth phase. Only non-metallic elements are left in the E-Waste detritus after copper, aluminum, and brass are separated from it. 

  • Separation of water

The final phase is water separation, which separates the plastic content from the glass. After separation, all retrieved materials are resold as raw materials for reuse.

Area required for Recyclers 

  • The minimum area required of 500 sq meters for recycling plants has a capacity of 1 ton per day.
  • Preference will be given to a recycling plant with a total of 5 M.T./day and an area of about 2500 square meters. 

Licenses required for setting up E-waste Plant

  • ISO CERTIFICATE
  • NOC From SPCB
  • G.S.T. Registration
  • E-Waste Rules registration 2016 

Documents Required for E-waste Authorization

  • Aadhar card of the authorized person
  • A.N. copy of the authorized person
  • Factory license/trade license
  • Electricity bill of the Unit Location

Who can benefit from setting up an E-waste plant in India

So the persons those are benefited from setting up E-waste plants in India are manufacturers, producers, Consumers, bulk consumers, collection centers, dealers, e-retailers, refurbishers, dismantlers, and recyclers those are engaged in manufacturing.

Requirements to set up E-waste and plastic waste Plant 

To set up the E-waste plant, one should comply with the following requirements: 

  • An E-waste recycling facility must set up the wastewater tools for the treatment of water, and air pollution control equipment used depending on the process in the recycling plant.
  • Space is needed for dismantling equipment which should be installed where manual dismantling can be carried. 
  • To prevent noise pollution, noise control devices should be used to avoid the sounds of crushers, shredders, and grinders. 
  • The workers should wear precautionary kits on the premises.
  • By negotiating an agreement with the TSDF (Treatment, Storage, and Disposal Facility) operator, adequate facilities for onsite collection and storage of residues, floor cleaning dust, and other hazardous materials must be supplied and delivered to a secure landfill facility.

How can we assist you?

  • Assist you in the complete process 
  • Assist you in completing documentation
  • Regular follow up with the government 
  • provide end-to-end support 

Frequently Asked Questions

The reuse and reprocessing of electrical and electronic equipment of any type that has been abandoned or deemed obsolete are referred to as e-waste recycling. E-waste recycling is becoming more popular, and it was started to preserve human and environmental health, primarily due to the pervasive polluting effects of e-waste.

The public can recycle four primary categories of regulated e-waste through several collecting avenues. They include I.C.T. devices like cell phones and computers and major appliances like refrigerators and personal mobility devices.

The E-Waste Management Rules 2016 were changed on March 22, 2018, by notification G.S.R. 261(E). During 2017-18, the phase-by-phase collection targets for e-waste in weight will be 10% of the waste generation as mentioned in the E.P.R. Plan.

In India, 95% of e-waste is recycled in the informal sector, whereas 5% of e-waste volume is handled in the formal sector. About 3000 units are operating in the non-formal sector for e-waste recycling in and around India's big cities. Q- What are the existing regulations of e-waste management rules? Ans- During the first two years of rule implementation, the collection target for e-waste, which can be either in number or weight, shall be 30 percent of the waste generation as indicated in the E.P.R. Plan, followed by 40 percent in the third and fourth years, 50 percent in the fifth and sixth years, and 70 percent in the seventh and eighth years.

For e-waste disposal, most legislation follows one of two fundamental approaches. The extended producer responsibility model, implemented in 24 states, entails the manufacturer collecting and recycling the products covered by legislation, with the categories included changing significantly from form to state.

The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 (29 of 1986); 'authorization' means permission granted under sub-rule (3) of rule 9 for handling, collection, reception, storage, transportation, dismantling, recycling, treatment, and disposal of e-waste.

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