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Overview of E-Waste Recycling Authorisation

E-Waste or WEEE (Waste Electronic and Electrical Equipment) consist of disposed of end-of-life E.E.E. (Electronic and Electrical Equipment) products that are broken and have been declared obsolete by the consumers. E-Waste includes old and discarded computers, mobile phones and motherboards, old chargers, C.D.s, DVDs, headphones, television, air conditioners, etc. According to the global E-Waste Monitor Report, it is estimated that around 53.6 million metric tonnes of E-Waste were generated globally in 2019. Further, In India in 2019-20, according to The Central Pollution Control Board report, around 10.14 lakh tonnes of E-Waste were generated.

E-Waste is turning out to be one of the biggest threats to the environment and human health due to the presence of many toxic chemicals, including lithium, mercury, nickel, arsenic, selenium, lead, etc. When E-Waste is discarded carelessly without proper treatment or management, these chemicals are soaked up by soil or mixed with waterbody affecting the whole ecosystem of the place. During Covid-19, because of the increase in demand for new technology and the influx of electronic gadgets in the market, the amount of E-Waste accumulation also increased. This increased create concern among authorities and government, urging them to formulate new policies and promote bette ways concerning E-Waste management, including E-Waste recycling authorisation.

Who can register for E-waste recycling authorisation?

Any individual who wishes to establish a recycling operation can register for the E-waste recycling authorisation in India as per the provisions of E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2016

E-waste Recycling Plant

Before understanding the process of acquiring E-Waste Recycling authorisation it is important to understand the concept of E-Waste recycling. E-waste recycling is the process of reprocessing any electrical product by segregating the components and parts which are then used as raw material to build new products. At the present time, people are becoming more conscious of the benefits of E-Waste management including E-Waste recycling. E-waste recycling plant works on segregation, dismantling, and treatment of discarded electronic products.

Methods and Process of E-waste recycling


Before starting the actual process of E-Waste recycling, it is important to collect e-waste properly from different sources and ensure it is transported in an environmentally sound method.


When the e-waste goods arrive at the recycling plant, the first step is to sort all materials.


The second phase, after manual sorting, is manual dismantling, which is a labour-intensive operation. The shattered material is divided into two categories: one that can be reused and another that is still recycled.

Process for reducing large sizes

The components that cannot be dismantled are shredded alongside the other dismantled parts in this procedure.

The small size reduction process

The finer e-waste particles are evenly spread out on a conveyor belt. The evenly spread out e-waste particles are then broken down further.

Magnetic Separation

In this step, the magnet removes any magnetic items from the e-waste, such as steel and iron.

Separation of non-metallic and metallic components

The separation of metallic and non-metallic elements is the sixth phase. Only non-metallic elements are left in the E-Waste detritus after copper, aluminium, and brass are separated from it.

Water Separation

The next phase is water separation, which separates the plastic pieces from glass. After separation, all retrieved materials are resold as raw materials for reuse.


The components that are now segregated are introduced into the market for selling and reuse.

Area required for Recyclers

  • The minimum area required of 500 sq. meters for recycling plants has a capacity of 1 ton per day.
  • Preference will be given to a recycling plant with a total of 5 M.T./day and an area of about 2500 square meters.

Dismantling Process

The dismantling operation essentially involves the process of segregating the components and materials either manually or by machines, so that the segregated waste can be channelized further to the next stage of E-Waste recycling. For Instance- aluminum and steel parts that contain no hazardous constitutes can be sent to respective recyclers. And other parts which have hazardous elements shall be sent to authorised e-waste recyclers.

Operations of Dismantlers

Dismantling process:

  • De-dusting
  • Manual dismantling
  • After manually opening the electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) into the component, the dismantling operation must include physical separation and segregation. The dismantler may use screwdrivers, wrenches, pliers, wire cutters, tongs, and hammers, among other tools.
  • Disassembled components should be delivered to authorized e-waste recyclers or recyclers with a valid consent certificate.
  • Manual dismantling should be done on a dismantling table with plenty of room.
  • De-dusting system is installed to maintain the factory's desired work zone air quality. Suction hoods should be used in the De-dusting system.
  • For keeping the dismantled items together, collection boxes should be positioned near the disassembly table.
  • Workers should wear proper personal protective equipment during dismantling operations, such as goggles, masks, gloves, helmets, and gumboots, among other things.

The following dismantled items and components must be removed from end-of-life products and stored safely for transportation to recyclers:

  • Batteries.
  • E.E. Printed Circuit Boards.
  • Toner Cartridges
  • Plastic
  • External electrical cables

Dismantlers should have suitable facilities for dealing with leaks of compressor oils, coolant/refrigerant gases like C.F.C.'s/HCFCs, and mercury from end-of-life fluorescent and other mercury-containing lamps, among other things. Broken fluorescent lamps and oil spills should be contained first to prevent the substance from spreading to adjacent places. Dry sand, unique booms / absorbent pads, stabilizing chemicals, and other methods may be used for later transfer to hazardous waste TSDFs.

The following conditions should meet before a dismantling process can begin:

  • Water-resistant roofing and impervious surfaces
  • Disassembled spare part storage area.
  • Separate storage containers for batteries, capacitors containing P.C.B.'s (Polychlorinated biphenyls), and P.C.T.'s (Polychlorinated chlorinated triphenyl).

Space required for the Dismantlers

A dismantler requires space for storing electrical and electronic equipment for up to 180 days, space for the dismantling and volume reduction process, space for storing dismantled and segregated material, and free space for movement of office/administration and other utilities. For a dismantling capacity of 1T/day, a minimum of 300 square meters is anticipated to be required for raw material storage, segregated material storage, dismantle activities, and office/administration and other utilities.

Laws applicable for E-Waste Recycling Authorisation

The E-Waste Management Rules 2016 were changed on March 22, 2018, by notification G.S.R. 261(E). During 2017-18, the phase-by-phase collection targets for e-waste in weight will be 10% of the waste generation as mentioned in the E.P.R. Plan.

The E-Waste recycling authorisation process is mandated according to Rule 13(1) (ii), (iii), and (iv) of the E-Waste Management Rules, 2016 for the producers/recyclers of EEE (Electrical and Electronic Equipment) listed in the schedule-1 of the said rules.

Who can benefit from setting up an E-waste plant in India?

People who are benefitted from setting up E-Waste Recycling Plants are manufacturers, producers, Consumers, bulk consumers, collection centres, dealers, e-retailers, refurbishers, dismantlers, and recyclers who are engaged in manufacturing.

Requirements to set up E-waste Recycling Plant

To set up the E-waste plant, one should comply with the following requirements:

  • An E-waste recycling facility must set up the wastewater tools for the treatment of water, and air pollution control equipment used depending on the process in the recycling plant.
  • Space is needed for dismantling equipment which should be installed where manual dismantling can be carried out.
  • To prevent noise pollution, noise control devices should be used to avoid the sounds of crushers, shredders, and grinders.
  • The workers should wear precautionary kits on the premises.
  • By negotiating an agreement with the TSDF (Treatment, Storage, and Disposal Facility) operator, adequate facilities for onsite collection and storage of residues, floor cleaning dust, and other hazardous materials must be supplied and delivered to a secure landfill facility.

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Licenses required for E-waste Recycling Authorisation

  • Consent Certificate from State Pollution Control Board/Pollution Control Committee
  • G.S.T. Registration
  • Authorisation under E-Waste Rules 2016

Documents Required for E-waste Recycling Authorisation

While the application for E-Waste recycling plant authorisation is being submitted to the State Pollution Control Board/Pollution Control Committee, it has to be accompanied by certain Documents, including:

  • Aadhaar Card of the recycler
  • PAN Card of the recycler
  • GST Certificate
  • Rent agreement/Lease agreement/Proof of ownership of the site
  • Electricity Bill

Then if the recycling plant is Pvt Ltd/Public Ltd Company

  • Rent agreement/Lease agreement/Proof of ownership of the site
  • Electricity Bill
  • Aadhaar Card of the recycler
  • PAN Card of the recycler
  • GST Certificate
  • CIN (Certificate of Incorporation)
  • MOA (Memorandum of Association)
  • Company PAN Card
  • Board Declaration for Authorized Signatory

Process for E-waste Recycling Authorisation

The procedure for obtaining E-Waste Recycling Authorisation from State Pollution Control Board/Pollution Control Committee is regulated as per the provisions of the E-Waste Management Act, 2016. The process of E-Waste Recycling authorisation involves Filing an application, reviewing the submitted Application, and granting the license.

Filing an Application

The recycler first has to register under the official site of the state pollution control board or Pollution Control Committee. Once the registration is done, the Application for E-Waste Recycling authorisation is to be completed with all the essential information involving the Name of the authorised personnel, Details of the CTO, etc.

Submitting/Review Application

Further, when the application is completed with the attached Document it is required to be submitted, following which the Application is reviewed by District Environmental Engineer (DEE) for verification and authentication. In case of any mistake with the Application submitted with the Document, it is sent back to the recyclers for rectification.

Grant of license

At last, if there is no mistake in the Application submitted and all the Documents are verified, the E-Waste Recycling Authorisation is granted.

The Central Pollution Control Board is required to evaluate the application received regarding the E-Waste recycling authorisation and grant EPR-Authorisation within 120 days of receipt of the complete application.

Post Compliance Requirements

After recyclers are granted E-Waste Recycling authorisation from State Pollution Control Board/Pollution Control Committee, they have to comply with certain conditions including:

  • Recyclers are required to provide a Copy of the destruction certificate granted to recyclers
  • Fill out Form-6 regarding E-Waste Manifest
  • Fill out Form-2 regarding, records of E-Waste handled, dismantled, and recycled.
  • Authorisation for disposal of Hazardous and other wastes under Hazardous and Other Wastes (Management and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2016
  • Recyclers also have to submit annual returns in form 3 to the respective State Pollution Control Board/Pollution Control Committee

How can we assist you?

  • Assist you in the complete process
  • Assist you in completing paper works
  • Regular follow-up with the government
  • provide end-to-end support

Frequently Asked Questions

The reuse and reprocessing of electrical and electronic equipment of any type that has been abandoned or deemed obsolete are referred to as e-waste recycling. E-waste recycling is becoming more popular, and it was started to preserve human and environmental health, primarily due to the pervasive polluting effects of e-waste.

The public can recycle four primary categories of regulated e-waste through several collecting avenues. They include I.C.T. devices like cell phones and computers and major appliances like refrigerators and personal mobility devices.

The E-Waste Management Rules 2016 were changed on March 22, 2018, by notification G.S.R. 261(E). During 2017-18, the phase-by-phase collection targets for e-waste in weight will be 10% of the waste generation as mentioned in the E.P.R. Plan.

In India, 95% of e-waste is recycled in the informal sector, whereas 5% of e-waste volume is handled in the formal sector. About 3000 units are operating in the non-formal sector for e-waste recycling in and around India's big cities.

During the first two years of rule implementation, the collection target for e-waste, which can be either in number or weight, shall be 30 percent of the waste generation as indicated in the E.P.R. Plan, followed by 40 percent in the third and fourth years, 50 percent in the fifth and sixth years, and 70 percent in the seventh and eighth years.

For e-waste disposal, most legislation follows one of two fundamental approaches. The extended producer responsibility model, implemented in 24 states, entails the manufacturer collecting and recycling the products covered by legislation, with the categories included changing significantly from form to state.

The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 (29 of 1986); 'authorization' means permission granted under sub-rule (3) of rule 9 for handling, collection, reception, storage, transportation, dismantling, recycling, treatment, and disposal of e-waste.

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