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What are the Essentials for Running Meat Processing Business in India?

calendar10 Jul, 2020
timeReading Time: 5 Minutes
Meat Processing Business in India

Meat processing business in India requires proper planning, along with acquiring various licenses and permits is mandatory. When it comes to the production of meat, India has attained the leading spot. As Indian customers have become conscious of including protein-rich foods in their diet, meat has become a highly consumable foodstuff in India.

The diversification associated with the availability of processed meat in the market helps in the escalating growth of the meat processing business in India. Establishing a meat processing plant is a perfect idea concerning meat business.

What are the Types of Meat Processing Plants?

The various types of meat processing plants showing their prowess in the current market are-

  • Chicken Processing Plant
  • Seafood Processing Plant
  • Goat Processing Plant
  • The Freshwater Fish Processing Plant
  • Sheep Processing Plant
  • Pork Processing Plant

This article will let you know about the requisites for starting a meat processing business.

 Licenses and Registration for Commencing Meat Processing Business in India

The licenses and permits needed for the meat processing business in India may vary from one state to another.

The mandatory licenses and permits for the meat processing business are-

Firm Registration

You can initiate your firm either as a small scale meat processing plant or medium-scale meat processing plant in the form of a partnership firm or proprietorship. If you want to commence your meat processing business in the form of partnership, you must go for the registration as a Private Limited Company or as an LLP (Expanded as Limited Liability Partnership) with Registrar of Companies.

Trade License

A Trade License is a certificate that permits the applicant in order to initiate a specific business or trade at a particular place. The Licensing Department of the Municipal Corporation of concerned states would issue this form of license.

MSME/SSI Registration

If you are interested in attaining the benefits of the government schemes[1] and government subsidies, you should mandatorily have MSME registration.

GST Registration

Meat processing unit owner must acquire a GST number as well as the tax identification number and insurance certificate.

Food Safety License

It is mandatory to acquire Food Safety License for performing business operations concerning eatables and food items from the Health Department of the respective state. As per FSSAI rules and regulations, it is necessary to obtain a Health Trade License and Food Safety License.

EPF Registration

If you have the total number of employees more than 20, EPF Registration becomes an essential thing.

Pollution Certificate

Since there is significant involvement of pollutants in most of the meat processing businesses, acquiring a Pollution Certificate is essential.


If you crave for your brand’s security and eliminate copyright issues, get your brand name registered with a Trademark.

Import Export Code (IEC Code)

Import Export Code is a 10-digit identification number whose issuance takes place from the office of Director General of Foreign Trade. If your business is on the way to entering the export segment of processed meat products to countries outside the Indian border, the need for IEC code emerges and becomes compulsory for exporting any food product. 

FSSAI License for Meat Processing Business in India   

FSSAI, an apex body governing under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare of Central Government, ensures that the food quality is as per FSSAI guidelines, and the food is following the nutritious requirements. It runs several projects as promotional activities for consumers’ health and ensures food safety at all levels. Acquiring the FSSAI License is mandatory for the individuals involved in the processed meat industry as it got categorized under the food processing industry.

A valid FSSAI License is required for all types of food-related operations and to ensure sanitary, protection, and better hygienic conditions. The food safety authority is gearing up for the initiation of the hygiene-rating certification for meat processing units, meat shops, fish shops, etc. Since the entire world is making efforts to survive amid the novel Coronavirus, FSSAI is endeavoring to increase sensitization among the consumers and FBOs concerning food safety and hygiene issue. According to the sources, the hygiene rating scheme would come into effect from the year 2021. Anyone found operating meat processing business in India without FSSAI License would have to bear the consequences on legal grounds.

Read our article:FSSAI License Requirement for Export of Food Products from India

Meat Processing Business Plan

Before coming up with a strategic business plan concerning the meat processing business in India, you should understand the demand prevailing in the market. You must also conduct market research and get knowledge about the different types of processing meat businesses along with the possible opportunities that they hold. After accumulating all the information and writing down a proper meat processing business plan, you can set a different future for your meat processing business in India.

Points you must consider while framing a meat processing business plan are meat processing plant size and capital investment that is the lifeline for all types of business. Also, an analysis of customers’ business plans is a wise decision at the time of creating your meat processing business plan.

Step-by-Step Guide on Meat Processing

Given below are the stepwise guide on meat processing-     

guide on meat processing

Step 1- Reaching the Meat Processing Plant

At the time of selecting livestock along with the raw materials, try to be cautious. Also, you need to ensure that the livestock supplier is in proximity to the meat processing plant. Thus, livestock won’t have to cover a long distance.

Step-2- Stunning Part

After the arrival of livestock at the meat processing firm, the staff members need to take care of it properly. Quick processing of livestock in a painless manner takes place in modern processing factories.

Step-3- Slaughter Process

Modernistic technology has reduced livestock uneasiness by cutting the throat of livestock in one shot. The efficient workers and well-managed equipment have made the slaughter process smoother than ever.

Step-4- Process of Evisceration

After the slaughtering process comes to an end, the livestock would have to go through the process of evisceration in which removal of feathers and skin takes place before the further steps.

Step-5- Cleaning and Chilling

After the removal of parts of livestock, it has to go through the cleaning process prior to inspection. Put them into the chiller for maintaining the freshness.

Step-6- Inspection Process

After that, the inspection of livestock takes place, and if any problem gets diagnosed, specific livestock will get eliminated from the processing plant.

Step-7- Extra Testing

After passing the inspection process, testing of livestock takes place for microorganisms like Salmonella.

Step-8- Second Processing

After passing all the above processes, the livestock gets classified as wings, drumsticks, leg quarters, thighs, and even more.

Step-9- Packaging

After the classification of livestock, packaging takes place under several packages. In order to extend shelf life, put it into a blast tunnel.

Step-10- Shipping

Eventually, the livestock gets packed under boxes, labelling on the classification basis, and ready to reach the customers’ hands.


All the meat processing business owners should acquire FSSAI License along with other permits for operating meat processing business in India. If they failed to get the required licenses, they must be ready to bear legal actions. If you plan to register for FSSAI License and want to get any guidance on commencing a meat processing business in India, you can consult our Corpbiz experts for the top-notch solutions.

Read our article: FSSAI Extends date for FSSAI Food License Renewal amid COVID-19 pandemic and Required Documents

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