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17 Steps to Start a Small Business

calendar24 Feb, 2023
timeReading Time: 11 Minutes
17 Steps to Start a Small Business

To start a small business is a great idea because it allows individuals to pursue their passion, has control over their own destiny, and achieves financial independence. It gives people a platform to transform their creative ideas into a workable business and create something that has the potential to impact people’s lives. Small businesses are also essential for the economy because they foster employment growth, encourage innovation and promote market competition. Individuals have a chance to improve their own lives and the lives of others while also boosting the economy by starting small businesses. In this article, we are going to discuss 17 steps to start a small business in India.

What Do You Mean By A Small Business?

A small business is a privately owned business that typically employs a small number of workers and generates a relatively modest amount of revenue compared to larger corporations. Small businesses often serve their local or regional markets, but they can also serve customers nationally or internationally by using e-commerce platforms. They are essential to the economy because they generate jobs and help communities develop. Retail, food and beverage, healthcare, professional services and technology are just a few of the many industries in that small businesses can operate. They often face unique challenges, including limited resources and competition from larger companies. Despite these obstacles, many small businesses have succeeded by offering exceptional customer service, distinctive products or services and effective management.

Importance of a Plan to Start a Small Business

It can be challenging and risky, as well as exciting and rewarding to start a small business. This is why it is so important to have a plan when starting a new business. A business plan offers a roadmap for how the business will function, outlining its aims and objectives and how it intends to achieve those objectives and aims. It helps entrepreneurs identify potential challenges and opportunities and supports them in developing strategies for addressing them.

A business plan can also be used to raise money since it shows the potential investors that the entrepreneurs have given the venture serious consideration and have considered its viability. A sound business plan can also help entrepreneurs maintain focus and direction by offering a clear picture of the business’s future and a way to track progress over time. In general, having a plan to start a small business is essential for success. 

Step – 1 Define Your Business Idea

You must first define your business idea before you can start a small business. This entails choosing goods or services that you are passionate about and that have the potential to meet the needs of the target market. You may need to perform research, examine the market trends and evaluate your own skills and expertise to select your business idea. It is essential to think about the business’s viability and potential to generate revenue. You should also consider the competition in the market and think about ways how you can differentiate your business from them. It is also essential to consider the resources needed to start a business, including funds, equipment and personnel.

The first step in starting a successful small business is to define your business concept clearly. It serves as a framework for the rest of the business plan and keeps you committed to your objectives. You can improve the chances of success and build a business you are passionate about by taking the time to define your business idea clearly.

Step – 2 Conduct Market Research 

Market research is an essential step to start a small business to make informed business decisions; it entails acquiring data on the target market, competitors and market trends. An entrepreneur can understand their potential clients by conducting market research to identify their requirements, preferences and purchase patterns. They can also use it to identify their competitor’s marketing tactics, as well as their advantages and disadvantages.

Entrepreneurs can collect market research using a variety of techniques, including surveys, focus groups, interviews, and online research. They can also obtain information from government statistics, business reports and other trustworthy sources. Entrepreneurs can make well-informed decisions regarding their business, including the products or services they offer, their pricing approach and their advertising strategies, by studying this data. 

Step – 3 Write a Comprehensive Business Plan

A detailed business plan must be written before establishing a small business. A business plan is an essential document that describes the objectives, plans and probable difficulties of the enterprise. It serves as a blueprint, giving it a clear course and a foundation for success. A strong business plan can also draw the investors, lenders and partners who are essential to start and expanding a business.

Entrepreneurs should include an executive summary, market analysis, a description of their product or service, a marketing and sales strategy, a financial plan and a management and operational plan in their business plan. It is essential to make sure the business plan is accurate, professional, and realistic. To assist them in writing a business plan, entrepreneurs can use online resources and templates. Writing a business plan may seem like a daunting task, but it is an essential step towards the success of a small business.

Step – 4 Determine Your Business Structure

Choosing the proper business structure is essential when starting a small business. Making the appropriate business structure choice is crucial since it has an impact on the legal and financial aspects of the business. There are several types of business structures available such as sole proprietorship, partnership, limited liability Company, and corporation. The choice should be based on elements including the type of business, the number of owners, tax liabilities, liability protection and management structure since each business structure has pros and cons. 

The simplest and most typical business structure is the sole proprietorship, although this has no personal liability protection. Partnerships have shared liability and are excellent for businesses with several owners. At the same time, the corporation gives significant liability protection but is subject to more formal legal requirements. LLCs[1] provide flexibility in terms of management and ownership. When choosing a business structure, it is essential to thoroughly consider each one and speak with legal and financial consultants. The business will be legally and financially solid if the best business structure is chosen.

Step – 5 Register Your Business

To start a small business you need to register your business. Regulations in your state or country can affect the registration procedure, but in general, it entails securing a legal identity for your company so you can conduct business and transact legally.

Gaining legal protection, earning clients’ trust, obtaining access to government grants and funding, and streamlining tax procedures are a few advantages of registering your business. You can apply for necessary taxes in addition to registering the business. Providing documentation, paying fees, and supplying details about your business, such as its name, address, and type, are all possible steps in the registration process. To prevent delays in the registration procedure, it is crucial to make sure you have all the information and paperwork needed.

Establishing your business as a valid and legally recognized entity requires that you register it. To make sure that your business is running legally, it is vital to adhere to the necessary policies and rules. 

Step – 6 Obtain the Necessary Licenses and Permits

One of the essential steps in starting a small business is obtaining the necessary permits and licenses. It entails collecting the necessary permissions and licenses to run the company legally and in accordance with all applicable local, state and central laws.

Depending on the kind of business, the location and the industry, different sorts of permission and licenses are needed. A home-based business might need different permits than a restaurant which needs a food service permit. If the required permission and licenses are not obtained, the business risks fines, legal problems and possible closure. 

It is crucial to examine and review the requirements and application procedures for each permission and license in order to obtain the relevant permits and licenses. Planning is also necessary for any costs involved with acquiring licenses and permits. Obtaining permits and licenses is made easy by the websites of numerous government organizations. To avoid any future legal concerns, it is crucial to execute this step carefully and diligently.

Step – 7 Set Up Your Business Finances

Setting up the business finances is a vital stage in starting a small business. To keep your personal and business finances separate, the first step is to open a bank account. Maintaining complete records of your income and expenses, including all receipts and invoices, is important. It’s crucial to pick and adhere to the bookkeeping technique that works best for your business.

To handle your finances, you can also employ an accountant or a bookkeeper. They can assist you with tax filing, financial statement preparation, and financial plan creation. To manage your cash flow and build credit, you can also apply for a business credit card.

Choosing a payment option for your customers is the last step. This can include accepting checks, cash, online payment or credit/debit cards. It is crucial to pick a safe payment method that your clients are comfortable with. Any small business must have effective financial management to be successful.

Step – 8 Choose the Right Bank for Your Small Business 

Making the right bank choice is significant for running a small business. As the business owner, you are responsible for ensuring your banking partner is reliable and provides services your business needs. A bank that provides various financial services tailored to small businesses should be found. These services can include business loans, line of credit, and business credit cards. Also, consider the fees associated with each service and choose a bank that offers competitive rates.

Find a bank that offers online and mobile banking services. This will give you remote access to your business account and allow you to conduct transactions, which are essential in today’s fast-paced business world. Also, consider the level of customer supports the bank provides. You should be able to contact the bank quickly and easily if you need any assistance or encounter any issues. Looking for a bank with experience working with small businesses can be an advantage. A bank with expertise in small business operations can provide specialized guidance and assistance to help your business expand and succeed. 

Step – 9 Set Up Your Business Accounting 

For the success of the business, it is essential to set up an effective accounting for the small business. Making sure that the business is lucrative and financially secure entails keeping track of all financial activities, including income and expenses. Selecting reliable accounting software that is appropriate for the business’s needs is a must. Set up your chart of accounts, which will categorize the expenses and incomes, will make it simple to prepare financial reports and analyze the performance of your business.

To help with the accounting requirements of your business, an accountant can also be hired. They offer insightful advice and guarantee that the financial documents are precise and up-to-date. Having a system that monitors and pays taxes, such as income tax, payroll tax, and sales tax, is also vital. Making informed business decisions and preparing for taxes is easier by maintaining accurate financial records.

Step – 10 Determine Your Funding Options

It is important to determine your financial options before you start a small business. There are several ways to finance a business, and it is vital to pick the best one that meets your requirements. Some of the common funding options are personal savings, crowd-funding, loans, credit cards, and angel investors. Personal savings are often a best-suited choice for funding in small business as it eliminates the need to pay interest on the loan. Not everyone may have sufficient savings; in those circumstances, any of the other funding options can be used.

It is advised to thoroughly consider each funding option that is available and select the ones that align with your business goals and financial situation. Making sure that your business has the resource it needs to develop the prosper can be facilitated by a well-thought-out funding strategy. 

Step – 11 Set Up Your Business Insurance 

Small businesses can be protected by business insurance from unexpected occurrences, including lawsuits, property damage or staff injuries. It is essential to comprehend the insurances and their types and find the one which aligns with the need of the business. 

General liability insurance, property insurance, professional liability insurance, and worker’s compensation insurance are a few examples of business insurance. The business can be protected against third-party claims of property damage or personal injury with general liability insurance. The business’s assets, like buildings and equipment, can be protected with property insurance. Having professional liability insurance can protect businesses from the accusation of professional negligence and errors. 

It is essential to regularly review and update your insurance as your business grows and evolves. Overall setting up business insurance can provide security to the small business and give the owner peace of mind.

Step – 12 Determine Your Business Location

Your business’s location can be a significant factor in whether it succeeds or fails. When picking a location for a business, there are a number of things to take into account, including the location’s accessibility, local competition, the target market and the cost of rent or lease. 

How simple it is for the clients to reach your business location is referred to as the location’s accessibility. Is the business location in a busy place or a remote location? The demand for your product or service can be impacted by local competition, which is another key factor to take into account. The position of the business should be located in an area where you can find your target market. The price of rent or leasing is also essential to be considered, and it can impact the business’s profitability.

Step – 13 Determine Your Business Name and Branding

For a small business to be successful, choosing the correct business name and branding is very important. The business name needs to be catchy, easy to remember and simple to pronounce and should also be related to the products or services that you provide. The business owner has to make sure that the name is not already used and registered as a trademark by someone else. 

Branding is an act of developing a distinctive image and message for your business that appeals to your target market. The tone and language used in your marketing materials, as well as the logo and colour scheme, are all included in the branding. Consistent branding across all platforms helps build trust with consumers. 

Step – 14 Set Up Your Business Website

In the modern digital era setting up a business website is one of the crucial points. A website is often the first impression customers have of the business. It is crucial to have a user-friendly website that effectively represents your business and provides your customers with relevant information. You can choose a domain name and hosting provider when you start creating a website. Once you have these, you can select a website builder platform and create your website.

Your website should be search engine optimized and mobile-friendly, to persuade customers to take desired actions. To improve the user experience, you can also include extra features like booking systems, E-commerce faculties or contact forms. Regularly updating your website with fresh content and keeping it secure can also help build trust with your consumers.

Step – 15 Set Up Your Social Media Accounts 

Social media plays a very significant part in today’s modern digital era. Social media is a tool for businesses to engage with their customers and promote their brands. It is a potent and economical approach to selling your goods or services, building your brand awareness and reaching a wider audience.

You can decide which social media platforms are most appropriate for your business and can set up your accounts on them. After making an account, you must develop a consistent brand image across all the platforms, including your logo, brand colours and messaging. It is also essential to post regularly and engage with your followers to build a loyal customer base.

Step – 16 Hire Employees

You can delegate work, grow your business and boost productivity by hiring people. But you must identify the positions you need to fill and the skills required for each role before hiring employees. This will ensure that you hire the right people for the job. Once the roles are determined, you must write a job description that explains each position’s duties, qualifications and expectations. This will assist in attracting candidates who are a good fit for the business.

Step – 17 Launch Your Business and Continuously Evaluate and Improve Your Business.

The last and final stage is to launch the small business and continuously evaluate and improve your business from there onwards. If you want to see long-term growth and success in the business, this step is essential. To pinpoint the areas that require development, business owners have to assess the business and its goods or services regularly. 

Customer, employee and supplier feedback is gathered as a part of a continuous review process. The performance of the business can then be evaluated using this data, and any areas that require improvement can be found. In order to modify their strategies and stay ahead of their competitors, business owners can also keep an eye on industry trends and developments.

Improving the business can involve making adjustments to the goods or services, putting new marketing plans into practice, or even embracing new technologies that can help your firm grow. The objective is to maintain your business up-to-date with the latest trends and practices. You have to make sure that your small business stays in the competition and expands in the future by being proactive and implementing the essential changes.


Starting a small business can be a rewarding experience, but it demands careful planning and preparation. By following all the steps, you can position your business for success and stay clear of typical mistakes. 

Also Read:
10 Low Investment Business Ideas For Aspiring Entrepreneurs
How To Prepare A Business Plan? – A Complete Guide For Startups
Registration Procedure Of Small Business & Documents Required

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