What is a Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) & How does it Impact Society?

calendar24 Aug, 2020
timeReading Time: 4 Minutes

A Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) refers to a non-profit organization that serves the people and society to safeguard their rights and interests. The NGO is driven by a group of volunteers, individuals, activists, and social persons willing to aid the needy ones.

Role of NGO as an Organization

Volunteers who run the Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) don’t have a relationship with the government whatsoever. Although most NGOs rely on the government when it comes to establishment or fundraising, they maintain a strategic distance from them to ensure seamless operation. NGOs run their activity under the supervision of their existing members and a vast network of volunteers.

Role of NGO as an Organization

A non-governmental firm either works at a domestic or international level, depending on their scope of operation and objectives. They are often deemed as a savior for the needy ones who are toiling for their existence in the state of uncertainties. Although many Non-Governmental Organizations are involved in profit-making, the same is not valid for all the NGOs serving diverse objectives.

Setting- Up of NGO

In India, NGOs can be set up without government approval. However, unregistered entities are unlikely to reap tax benefits in the long run. Thus; it’s essential for NGO’s members to opt for registration to thrive seamlessly within a system. Below we have mentioned some popular Non-Governmental Organization working in different areas of interest but share the common goal i:e helping human lives.

  • Goonj
  • Nanhi Kali
  • Give India Foundation’
  • CRY
  • Childline India
  • Kiss Foundation
  • Smile Foundation
  • Helpage India
  • Sammaan Foundation
  • Pratham

NGOs Impact on Society

There are various impacts on Society by virtue of NGO. Few are as follows:-

Financial Aid

NGOs offer financial perks under challenging times to various sections of societies that are craving for help. Apart from advocating human rights, NGOs can arrange substantial funds for the local government to push social-oriented programs forward. Overall, an NGO is more than just a social relief firm that exercises different strategies for charitable causes.


Some of the prominent Non-Governmental Organization has taken proactive measures in the direction of child education. To serve such a purpose, they have built many educational institutions globally, particularly in backward areas of Asia and Africa.


This is the region where NGOs are quite impactful. Some reputable NGOs source the expensive and essential medication at a nominal cost to those in need. Some NGOs even set up camps for the seamless distribution of the medication and free checkups.

Objectives of the Non-Governmental Organization

Most of the NGO focuses on improving the lives of people from the backward section. Moreover, NGOs also address society’s constitutional loopholes, such as racism, child labor, and inequalities. In addition to that, NGOs volunteers interact with the poor people and victims for their empowerment.

These organizations work for women and child empowerment[1] by providing the best possible help. The primary objective of an NGO is to ensure society’s well-being and the people who are vulnerable to odds and uncertainties.

Read our article:NGO Registration – Step by Step Procedure

What are the few Worlds’ leading NGOs?

As we know that the Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) gets established for the welfare of society. There are few leading brands of NGOs who have dedicated themselves for the good causes, and those are mentioned below for your reference.

ENGO: Environmental Non-Governmental organizations

ENGO stands for Environmental Non-Governmental organizations. They pay attention to environmental issues and try to overcome them with proactive measures and various initiatives. They are committed to preserving the ecosystem and species that are on the verge of extinction. The World Wide Fund and Greenpeace are the two most renowned Non-Governmental organizations that work in the same direction.

TANGO: Technical Assistance Non-Government Organization

TANGO stands for Technical Assistance non-government organization. Red Cross Society is a TANGO based philanthropic group that addresses a wide range of uncertainties that hampers human lives. 

BINGO: Business-friendly International NGO

BINGO stands for Business-friendly International NGO, and it takes care of the society disputes by rectified odds and uncertainties.

INGO: International NGOs

INGO is an abbreviated term of International NGOs. These entities work for charitable causes and empower the needy ones to overcome the hassle of life.

NNGO: National NGOs

National NGOs cater to the citizens’ problem and run initiatives to secure the environment from human exploitation.

TNGO: Transnational NGOs

Transnational NGOs is the collaborative entity set up by several nations. A TNGO caters to human problems with a concerted effort to maximize benefits.

Importance of a Non-Governmental Organization (NGO): A brief note

They play a vital role in women’s empowerment and strive to overcome the unfair treatments and chronicles of patriarchy to ensure hassle-free lifestyles. NGOs combat slavery and child labor, as well. Moreover, they put their best effort to safeguard minors from sexual assault and physical torture. 

NGOs voluntarily intervene in the matter of the old-age people living a painful life. They also construct houses for older people by collecting funds from prominent and reliable sources.

NGOs also play a vital role in empowering the women of the backward communities. They use various channels to promote traditional handicrafts to open employment for poor women in rural areas. Moreover, Non-governmental organizations act as a savior in tough times. They provide helping hands to those whose life gets devastated due to natural calamities. They arrange funds, clinical services, and rehabilitation centers for the sufferers.


As of now, there are a countless number of organizations exist in India that are working for the well-being of human life. Undoubtedly, Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) have a deeper impact on society’s existence as they act as a cushion in the economic and natural turbulence. If you are one of those who are planning to establish an NGO for a charitable purpose and want to reap tax benefits, then you would require government approval for this purpose.

Once you avail the registration and convert the firm into a legal entity, it would become easy for you to avail of tax benefits. For NGO registration you can connect with the professional team of CorpBiz that will look into your matter and make the registration journey easier for you.

Read our article:Guide on NGO Registration: Types and Benefits

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