Who is a Patent Attorney in India?

calendar07 Feb, 2023
timeReading Time: 5 Minutes
Patent Attorney

India is a rapidly growing economy with a thriving startup scene. Businesses must safeguard their ideas and innovations in light of the fiercer market rivalry. A patent Attorney can assist businesses with the difficult legal steps involved in getting a patent and ensuring that their intellectual property is protected. Patents benefit society as a whole by encouraging the development and communication of new ideas and technologies. They help to ensure that innovative products reach the marketplace, where they can be used to improve people’s lives and drive economic growth. By fostering a culture of innovation, patents contribute to the overall growth of the economy and help to maintain a completive edge in the global marketplace.

What is a Patent?

A patent is a type of IP or Intellectual Property[1] protection that offers a company or an inventor temporary exclusivity. It allows the owner forbids the production, use, sale, and import of innovation by anybody else without their consent. In return for this exclusivity, the patent holder is required to make the invention’s details public so that others can use them to advance the area.

The patent is a legal document that gives the owner of the patent, usually 20 years of protection from the date of application. For an innovation to qualify for a patent, certain conditions must be met. It must be novel, non-obvious and have some practical application. A product of a process or an improvement to a product or a process can all be considered inventions.

For companies and inventors, patents are crucial for securing their intellectual property and preventing unauthorized use or exploitation of their ideas or innovations. They give businesses a competitive edge, aid in attracting investment, and increase income. The inventor must submit a patent application to the appropriate government, such as an Indian Patent Office. The invention must be fully described in the patent application, along with the issue it resolves and how it is non-obvious and novel. After reviewing the application, the patent office will decide whether or not the invention qualifies for a patent.

Patent Attorney – Meaning

In actuality, the terms “patent attorney” and “patent agent” are frequently used synonymously. An attorney, though, is a lawyer. This means that someone who holds a law degree and is a patent attorney is qualified to handle patent litigation. It is important to note that there is no mention of a “Patent Attorney” in any Indian statute in relation to Patent Law. An Attorney is a person with a legal degree and who holds a state bar council membership.

A professional with expertise in acquiring, administrating and enforcing patents is known as a Patent attorney. They help clients protect their intellectual property rights by providing knowledge of patent laws and regulations.  

What is the Role of a Patent Attorney? 

A patent attorney has many roles in the whole procedure of patent filling and also after the patent is granted. Some of the everyday and main activities that an Attorney carries out are as follows:

  • The Attorney submits the request for the protection of any intellectual property rights, both domestically and internationally.
  • The work of drafting of third-party submissions, expert opinions, oppositions, nullity claims, cancellation of suits and objections are all done by an Attorney.
  • A Patent Agent also monitors all the deadlines and payment of fees required at any stage. Along with administrating the property rights, a patent attorney prosecutes the infringements and defends against any opposition.
  • Assessing potential collusion risks and third-party industrial property rights
  • Examining and reviewing prior art
  • A Patent Attorney also coordinates with the formal registration of patent transactions.
  • Advice on the issues relating to contracts, particularly license agreements, is also given by a patent attorney. 

Qualifications of Patent Attorney

The qualifications of an attorney are:

  • Must be an Indian citizen
  • Must have completed twenty-one years of age
  • Must have an educational background in technical degrees, like Bachelor of Science, Bachelor in Engineering, or Bachelor in Technology degrees etc. However, this condition is optional for Patent Attorney.

Skills and Characteristics of a Patent Attorney

  • Technical Expertise:

Technical expertise is the first skill that a qualified patent attorney should possess. A detailed knowledge of the technical details of the innovation is required of patent attorneys. This entails having an understanding of the pertinent scientific or engineering principles as well as applicable patent rules and regulations. 

  • Strong Communication Skills:

Strong communication abilities are another essential skill that a top-notch patent attorney should have. Communication skills with the client, government organizations and other legal experts are essential for patent attorneys. They should be able to concisely and explain complex legal concepts and procedures.

  • Attention to Details:

Another essential skill of a competent attorney is attention to detail. A lot of care must be taken to ensure that all relevant information is included in a patent application, which can be complicated. Detail-oriented attorneys are more likely to submit a successful application that complies with all requirements. A competent attorney should be well-versed in commercial principles. A qualified attorneys should be aware of the potential business ramifications of their work because business issues and patent laws are frequently linked. They should be able to assist their client in making judgments about their patents that are well-informed and in line with their corporate objectives. 

Difference between Patent Attorney and Patent Agent

Within the subject of patent law, a patent agent and a patent attorney are two different occupations and have different goals. The primary distinctions between a patent agent and a patent attorney are as follows:

  1. Education and Qualification: A law degree and a license are the prerequisites for an attorney. They must be enrolled in a state bar council. While for a patent agent, he must pass the Patent Agent Exam and have a technical background in engineering or science. 
  2. Role: Assisting inventors in the preparation and prosecution of patent applications before the Patent Office is the role of the patent agent. In addition to being qualified to carry out all of the patent agent’s duties, an attorney is also qualified to represent clients in court cases and other legal processes.
  3. Representation: An Attorney is qualified to represent in courts as well as in the patent office. A Patent agent can only represent in the patent office.
  4. Legal counsel: Patent agents are not permitted to give legal advice. However, the patent attorney’s main job is legal advice and representation in courts.
  5. License: Attorneys are licensed by the state bar association, whereas patent agents are licensed by the patent office. 


 In conclusion, a patent attorney in India is a highly skilled professional who plays a crucial role in protecting the intellectual property rights of inventors and businesses. They possess a deep understanding of patent laws and regulations, along with the technical knowledge required to assess the patentability of an invention. They assist clients in securing patents, as well as handling infringement and litigation cases.

The role of an attorney in India has become increasingly important in recent years, given that the rapid pace of technological advancements and the growing number of patents being filed. With the complexity of patent laws and regulations, it is imperative that inventors and businesses have access to competent legal representation. A Patent Attorney can help clients navigate the often confusing patent landscape and ensure intellectual property rights protection to the fullest extent. Overall a patent attorney is a valuable asset to inventors and businesses.

Read our Article:Procedure For Registration Of Patent Agent In India

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