Public Limited Company

How to Register a Public Limited Company in India?

calendar27 Dec, 2019
timeReading Time: 4 Minutes
Public Limited Company Registration

As per the Companies Act, 2013, a Public Limited Company is a type of company that has limited liability and can offer its shares to the general public. Furthermore, anyone can acquire its stock in two ways. First, privately through Initial Public Offerings (IPO) or secondly by selling on the stock market. A Public Limited Company is sternly regulated and is supposed to present its financial status to all the shareholders. Keep reading this article to know more about Public Limited Companies, its requirements, and how you can register one.

What is a Public Limited Company?

Public Limited Company is defined under the Companies Act, 2013. Public Limited Companies are a voluntary accumulation of members which can be incorporated by minimum of seven members. Moreover, it has separate legal existence apart from its members. Also, the shares of the company can be freely transferred without taking prior approval from the shareholders.  Furthermore, the existence of the entity is not affected due to the demise, retirement and insolvency of any of the shareholders. Also, Public Limited Companies can invite capital and deposits from the general public. Additionally, these companies can be listed or unlisted.

Classification of companies

What are the requirements to register a Public Limited Company?

There are various rules & regulations prescribed under the Companies Act, 2013 for setting up a Public Limited Company. Therefore, you should keep the following pointers in mind before registering a Public Limited Company:

  • Minimum 7 shareholders are required to incorporate a public limited company;
  • Minimum 3 directors are required to form this type of company
  • Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) of all the proposed directors & shareholders;
  • Also, Directors of the proposed company would require a (DIN) Director Identification Number;
  • Moreover, an application has to be made to the MCA for selecting the company name;
  • Then incorporation form SPICe+ is filed with the ROC along with the necessary documents;
  • Intimation & prior approval of SEBI is required in case of a listed company;
  • Making the payment of the prescribed registration fees to the ROC for public limited company registration.

Features of a Public Limited Company

The characteristics of Public Limited Companies are as follows;

  • Directors: According to the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 to start a public limited company, a minimum of 3 directors are needed;
  • Liability is Limited: The liability of each shareholder is limited. Generally speaking, a shareholder of a public company isn’t personally liable for any loss or debts of the company for any amount greater than the amount invested by them on the contrary to the partnerships and sole proprietorship firms, where the business owners are personally liable for the losses of the business. However, this characteristic of a public company does not offer legal immunity to the shareholders. The shareholders will be held responsible for their own illegal actions.
  • Prospectus: There is a requirement under the Companies Act for listed public limited companies to issue a prospectus. Furthermore, a prospectus is a comprehensive statement of the affairs of the company issued by public limited companies for its public.  
  • Name: It is mandatory as per the Companies Act, 2013[1], for all the public limited companies to add the word ‘limited’ after their name.

Documents required for Public Company Registration

The following documents are required to register a public Limited Company in India;

  • The Proof of identity of all the shareholders and directors
  • Address proof of all the directors and shareholders
  • PAN of all the shareholders and directors
  • The Utility Bills of the proposed office
  • A No Objection Certificate (NOC) from the landlord where the office of the company is situated
  • (DIN) Director Identification Number of all the directors
  • (DSC) Digital Signature Certificate of the directors
  • (MOA)Memorandum of Association 
  • (AOA)Articles of association 

Procedure to obtain Public Limited Company Registration

  • Step 1: Apply For The Digital Signature Certificate

apply for the Digital Signature Certificate for all the directors in the company. DSC is an valid and safe method to sign the e-forms and file the documents on an e platform. It is a obligatory document.

A director can easily obtain DSC from Certifying Authorities or CAs with copies of self-attested identity proof. DSC is obtained within 1 -3 working days.

  • Step 2: Name Verification

The third step involves registration of the name of the company. The name availability can be checked on the MCA portal by following this step:

Open the MCA Portal> select MCA services and Click on Check Company Name

Note: The company name must be uniques and should not be registered or taken and must not be similar to a brand name.
  • Step 3: Filing Form SPICe+

After the approval of the company’s name the person should file the SPICe+ form to get the incorporation certificate of the company. Together with it, the person should file all the mandatory documents like the MOA (Memorandum of Association) and AOA (Article of Association). These two documents contains the information about the aims, objectives, visions, responsibilities,business activities of all the shareholders and the directors and description of the proposed company.

  • Step 4: Obtaining Certificate Of Incorporation

The company would receive the Certificate of Incorporation after submitting all the applications and document to the authorities once they have verified it, which shall also include the CIN and date of incorporation.

Advantages of Public Limited Companies

The pros of forming public limited companies are as follows;

You can gain more capital

As the Shares are offered to the general public at large, that means anyone can invest in public limited companies. Hence, it improves the capital of the company.

 Also, you get more attention

Also, being listed on a stock market ensures that mutual funds, hedge funds and other traders take note of the business of the company. It may result in better business opportunities for Public Limited Companies.

The risk is distributed

As the shares are sold to the public the unsystematic risk of the market is distributed.

Opportunities for growth and expansion

Due to the decreased risk, there is a perfect opportunity for growing and expanding the business by investing in new projects from the money raised through shares.


A Public Limited Company is one which can publicly trade its shares. Furthermore, this type of company must have at least seven members. Also, it is the largest form of business entity model in India. Moreover, there is no limitation on the maximum limit of members of the company. However, in the case of Listed Public Companies, there is a need to take approval from SEBI after five hundred members in the entity.

Read our article:How to Register Your Limited Liability Partnership Firm in India?

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