Drug License

Disposable Syringe Manufacturing Process and Machineries – An Overview

calendar21 Mar, 2023
timeReading Time: 5 Minutes
Disposable Syringe Manufacturing Process and Machineries - An Overview

It might be wise to start creating disposable syringes. For launching a disposable syringe manufacturing business, the requirements are virtually identical to those for starting a pharmaceutical manufacturing business. Along with a NOC from the pollution department, the drug control agency must also give its clearance before you may manufacture syringes. While making disposable syringes, the specifications for the plant structure must be slightly different. Plastic is used to construct disposable syringes, which must then be sanitized, necessitating the use of special equipment. Most disposable syringes are made of polypropylene and are injection mounded. Syringes come in a variety of sizes, including 1 ml, 2 ml, 5 ml, 10 ml, and 50 ml. The quantity and size of injection mounding machines should be fixed in accordance with the manufacturing of a variety of designs.

Disposable Syringe Manufacturing Process

A disposable syringe is a simple responsive syphon that consists of a plunger (although modern syringes really include a cylinder as the plunger) that tightly fits inside a round, hollow cylinder known as a barrel. For the purpose of syringe production, the plunger can be pulled and pushed directly inside the cylinder, allowing the syringe to swallow and expel fluid or gas through a release hole at the front (open) of the deal.

To control the stream going into and out of the barrel, the open portion of the deal might be equipped with a hypodermic needle, a spout, or tubing. Syringes are frequently used in clinical medicine to provide mixtures, such as paste or oil, control infusions, administer intravenous treatment to the circulatory system, and draw/measure fluids.

First of all, polypropylene is used throughout the entire production line for disposable syringes and needles. You need to decide what kinds of sizes you wish to produce. There are four typical charges: 1, 2, 5, and 10 milliliters. Due to increased health care and awareness, the manufacturing of disposable syringes and needles can be quite lucrative.

Glass was already used in the majority of syringe and needle production lines. Expendable syringes are quickly replacing glass syringes because they are readily available in a sterile state, ready to use, and reasonably priced. The usage of disposable syringes has grown significantly in popularity as a result of the spread of AIDS[1] and other deadly diseases around the world.

Machinery Used for Needles and Disposable Syringe Manufacturing:

  • Blister packaging machine, automatic packaging machinery, scrap guiding equipment, and Zigma injection moulding equipment are only a few examples.
  • Balance scale
  • A water pump, an air compressor, a chilling plant, testing equipment, electrical fittings & sockets, a set of moulds for barrels, a set of moulds for syringe bodies with 16 cavities for the barrel and 16 cavities for the plungers, and a set of moulds for barrels.

Raw Materials Used for Needles and Disposable Syringe Manufacturing and Other Requirements

To make syringes, two different types of raw materials are often needed. The needle is the second item, and polypropylene is the first. The amount of land you need is often determined by the size of your business.

  • Needed Manpower: If you’re starting a small to medium-sized syringe manufacturing firm, there may be some labour requirements for your facility.
  • Supervisors, Security, Account Assistants, Marketing Executives, and Skilled and Unskilled Workers.
  • Raw Materials Used in This Business: Polypropylene, Ethylene Oxide, Packing Paper, Rubber Gaskets, Needles, and Printing Ink.

Polypropylene is used as the raw material. This is fed into specialized moulds and a specialized moulding machine. After that, it was moulded in a refrigerated environment to improve clarity. After being transformed into a disposable syringe. It is brought into a sterilization facility where ethylene oxide is used to disinfect it. After that, a disposable syringe with a disinfected needle is put together. Because this procedure uses a disposable, ready-to-use syringe, it must be completely sanitized to prevent contamination.

Some Basic Information About What Type Of Machinery You Will Require For A Disposable Syringe Manufacturing Business?

  • Machine For Injection Moulding

A type of machine used for producing plastic goods with injection moulding is an injection moulding machine, commonly referred to as an injection press. Machinery for injection moulding, 

  • Mechanical

This kind of machine is used to switch the tonnage-building system on the side of the machine that the injection pressure prevents from opening.

  • Hydraulic

Despite the fact that they are not even close to being precise, these machines are the most common in much of the world.

  • Electric

The electric press, commonly referred to as electric machine technology, lowers costs by using less energy. According to reports, electric presses are the most accurate, fastest, and quieter. 

  •  A Screen Printing Apparatus

Printing the injections according to their standard level marking comes after the first stage has been completed. To avoid pricing variations, you must ensure that alternative machines are available to manufacturing enterprises.

  • A Sterilization Facility

In this situation, ethylene oxide is required for the sterilizing process. Ethylene oxide (ETO), also known as the sterilizing gas used at low temperatures. It is typically used to sterilize any equipment or materials that require sterilization but cannot withstand high temperatures.

  • Machine For Packaging Syringes

Syringes are automatically mass-packed using a syringe packaging machine. To do this, you must compare the sizes and costs of every type of machine at every industrial machine shop.

  • Syringe-Assembling Equipment

A hopper and a bowl feed the syringe plungers into the syringe assembly machine, where they are taken up and arranged two to a double nest into a 24 position on an index dial plate. In the disposable syringe assembly machine, the hopper and bowl feed the needle into the hubs, and the two up position the needles on the barrels.

The hypodermic syringe, commonly referred to as the hypodermic needle, is a sort of instrument used by medical professionals to move liquids into or out of our bodies. A hollow needle with a tube and plunger attached to it makes up the device. The fluid is sucked into the tube by pulling back on the plunger’s handle. When the handle is pressed down, the fluids are subsequently pumped through the needle. There are numerous suppliers of syringe assembly machines who help with the machine procurement and offer a demonstration of the operating machines in different locations.

The majority of the needle was already made of glasses. Expendable syringes are quickly replacing glass syringes due to their availability in a sterilized or, as we prefer to call them, a disinfected condition, readiness for use, and affordability. Syringe reuse has been discouraged due to the spread of AIDS and other deadly diseases around the world, and disposable syringe demand has skyrocketed. The commercial potential for disposable syringes is enormous. There is a lot of potential for this to reach the neighboring nations in addition to the expanding market for the products.


Polypropylene is the needed raw material. To achieve greater clarity, it is fed into the injection moulding machine and moulded while cold. Then, in an automatic assembly machine, the assembled syringes are put together with the needle. The entire assembly is then sterilized using ethylene oxide in a sterilization facility. One consumable that millions of people use every day is the disposable syringe. This is a fantastic business chance. Producing locally has become more crucial as a result of Covid. The Middle East, which imports practically all of the goods, offers a significant potential for localization.

Also Read:
A Complete Overview On Drug License Rules In India

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