India has a vast marketplace for electrical and electronics goods. Every year Indian OEMs produce various ranges of such electrical goods in overwhelming volume, which in turn lead to massive generation of hazardous e-waste. The government of India has set out various procedures under EWM rules to minimize e-waste generation across the nation.
The E-waste Management Rules entail a long list of guidelines concerning E-waste refurbisher, producer, and refurbisher. The said rules seek to vest these entities with obligations to ensure apt management of e-waste through pre-determined waste accumulation targets and several other directions. This article shall shed some light on the obligation and compliance requirement of e-waste refurbishers as cited under E-waste Management Rules.
Obligations of e-waste Refurbishers under EWM rules
- Refurbishers under EWM Rules must abide by the CPCB’s provisions relating to Recycling processes
- Refurbishers under EWM Rules have to apply and thus obtain authorization via form 1(a) from respective SPCB in pursuant to the procedure cited under sub-rule (4) of rule 13. The authority shall grant the authorization to the refurbisher on one time basis as perform 1 (bb). The authorization shall be deemed as considered if not exposed to any objection within 30 days duration.
- Certified Refurbishers are mandated to file yearly report with SPCB concerning e-waste generated for the given FY.
- Every E-Waste refurbisher should store and transport e-waste in an eco-friendly manner
- Every refurbisher should abide by the norms relating to the inspection performed by the officials of SPCB or CPCB. They are also liable to facilitate records to such officials whenever prompted.
- Any quantum of residue generated from the recycling process should be disposed of in a certified treatment storage disposal centre.
- Every E-Waste refurbisher is liable to maintain records concerning e-waste handled in form-2. Such records can be subjected to the inspection performed by SPCB’s officials.
- Every E-Waste refurbisher is mandated to file an annual return via form-3 with the respective SPCB on or before 30th June following the FY to which such return relates.
- Procurement of waste electrical goods or component is permissible provided such wastes do not contain any radioactive material. Refurbishers intending to procure such waste need to intimate SPCB and thereafter secure authorization for the same in the first place.
- Securing Authorization from SPCB is a must-have requirement for refurbishers. Performing recycling undertakings without such authorization shall incur penalties for the defaulting entities operating as recycling units.
EPR related targets to be fulfilled by E-Waste refurbisher
|S.No||Year||Target for e-waste collection|
|During initial two years of rules’ implementation||30 per cent of the quantum of waste generated as cited in EPR plan|
|2.||During 3rd and 4th years of rules’ implementation||40 per cent of the quantum of waste generated as cited in EPR plan|
|3.||During 5th and 6th years of rules’ implementation||50 per cent of the quantum of waste generated as cited in EPR plan|
|4.||During 7th year of rules’ implementation||70 per cent of the quantum of waste generated as cited in EPR plan|
Format to be followed by E-Waste Refurbisher for maintaining records of e-waste
Generated Quantity in MT i.e. Metric Tonnes per year
|1||Name and address of the refurbisher|
|2||Issuance date of EPR authorization|
|3||Validity of EPR authorization|
|4||Types and quantum of e-waste handled||Category wise detail of e-waste and quantity|
|5||Types and quantum of e-waste stored||Category wise detail of e-waste and quantity|
|6||Types and quantum of e-waste sent to certified collection unit/ recycler/dismantler||Category wise detail of e-waste and quantity|
|7||Types and quantum of e-waste mobilized and address of destination||Category wise detail of e-waste and quantity|
|8||Types and quantum of e-waste dismantled along with address of dismantling unit||Category wise detail of e-waste and quantity|
|9||Types and quantum of e-waste recovered and recycled||Category wise detail of e-waste and quantity|
|10||Types and quantum of waste being sent to certified recycling and dismantling units||Category wise detail of e-waste and address of recycling and dismantling units|
|11||Types and quantum of waste treated and disposed|
Details to be included by Refurbisher in Form -3 for annual return filing
- Name and address of the E-Waste refurbisher
- Name and contact details of person-in charge
- Net quantity of e-waste accumulated or mobilized to dismantling or recycling units for processing (category-wise briefing )
- Name and the address of the destination w.r.t 3(A)-3(D)
- Type and quantum of material underwent segregation or recovery process from e-waste of different codes as applicable to 3(A)-3(D)
- Contact of certified recycling units where e-waste is being transported
- Signature of the person-in-charge
E-waste management rules entail various guidelines to ensure apt management of e-waste. Further, it seeks to promote the reuse and recycling of e-wastes comprising precious metals. Refurbishing entities need to comply with the EPR rules and meet the underlying targets of e-waste accumulation.