With increasing industrialisation and the requirement of people for better equipment, many manufacturing units have increased their productivity and expanded their businesses, but many a time, in order to increase their production, they side-track their responsibility towards the environment. This is true, especially for industries involving metal plating where the wastewater released contains heavy metal, which is detrimental to the environment and human health. These heavy metals not only
This blog with explores the environmental impact of Nicole and the Chrome Plating Factory, as well as the process of Consent NOC for Nickle and Chrome Plating Factories.
Process of Nickle and Chrome Plating
In the case of Nickle Plating, three processes are commonly used –
- Watts Nickel bath (using a mix of NiSO4, NiCl2, H2SO4 and H3BO3),
- Nickel Sulpha mate Bath (using Ni(NH2SO3)2, HNH2SO3),
- Wood’s Nickel Bath (usingNiCl2 and HCl).
On the other hand Chromium plating, there are variants of Chromium plating, including ordinary, hard and bright chrome. Usually, the chromic acid bath is utilised that includes bath salts like H2CrO4, H2SO4 and NaF. Further, Sodium Floride is used to amend the conductivity of the electrolyte.
Need for Consent NOC for Nickle and Chrome Plating Factories
Nickle and Chrome Plating factories are often located near water bodies to discharge the wastewater into municipal sewer systems. This water waste discharged directly without any treatment often contains heavy metals that are above the limits set by Environmental Management Authorities and the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
The high level of these heavy metal ions in water like copper, nickel, zinc, chromium, etc., have an irreversible impact on the environment, biodiversity of that water, and human health. A high level of Chromium from the chrome plating factory that exceeds 0.5 ppm may cause cancer and mutation of genes in human beings. Along with this high level of nickel discharge from nickels, plating factories have a possibility of causing irreversible changes in DNA, causing various genetic problems.
The treatment method used for Nickle and Chrome Plating
The wastewater that contains nickel and chromium metal ions emanating from this unit is pumped to the effluent treatment section of the electroplating plant. The electroplated materials are neutralised with sodium meta-bisulphite through rinse with water.
Procedure for Authorisation of Consent NOC for Nickle and Chrome Plating Factories
The authorisation of Consent NOC for Nickle and Chrome Plating Factories is governed by the Water and Air Act. Under the acts, the authorisation for consent NOC is provided in two stages first, when the industry is being established for which Consent to establish is given, and one, when the industry is established and is ready to operate for which consent to operate is granted.
Documents required for Consent to establish
According to Air and Water Act, for acquiring Pollution Control License for Scrap, one has to submit the following documents: –
- Land acquisition documents, including sale deed or registration/lease
- Detailed Project Report is a must for Consent NOC for Nickle and Chrome Plating Factories that contains monetary division related to Pollution Control Measures, Break up of land used, Industrial process, and Flow chart of the Procedure, Control Equipment relating to Air Pollution, and Details for ETP and Solid Waste Management, Production of Waste Water.
- Layout Plan/Site Plan
- GST Certificate
- Aadhar Card
- Copy of Self Declaration form for Restriction of Hazardous Waste
Documents required under Consent to Operate
According to Air and Water Act, for acquiring Pollution Control License for Scrap, one has to submit the following documents:-
- Electricity Bill
- water bill
- Pan Card
- Aadhar Card
- Proof of ownership, including rent agreement/lease agreement
- Municipality/Industry license for trading business
- Health Trade License
- Site Plan/layout
- CA Letter on the financial breakup
- Goods and Services Tax certificate
- Rule 14 of the Environmental (Protection) Act mandated Form V
- Authorization Letter
- Factory or Trade License
- Proof of Registration of unit under Companies Act/LLP Act
- Consent to establish a certificate
Process of acquiring authorisation of Consent NOC for Nickle and Chrome Plating Factories
The process for acquiring Consent NOC for Nickle and Chrome Plating Factories that is the Consent to establish and Consent to operate is governed under Air and Water Act.
For Consent to establish, the producers is required to get authorisation from the official portal of the Pollution Control Board and submit the said appliaction as per to Form I with the documents prescribed by the guidelines. Once the mandated documents are scrutinised by the authorities, the State Pollution Control Board/Pollution Control Committee grant the authorisation for establishment of business.
For Consent to operate the process is quite similar as the CTE (consent to Establish) with the producer of the production unit is required to get registration official portal of the Pollution Control Board and submit the said appliaction as per to Form I with the documents prescribed by the guidelines. Once the mandated documents are scrutinised by the authorities, the State Pollution Control Board/Pollution Control Committee send official government personnel for site inspection who on the criteria of the guideline conduct the inspection and after which a report is drafted according to which authorisation is granted to the business for operation.
Hazardous Waste Authorisation
The registration relating to the transboundary movement or cross-country movement of hazardous waste that includes the import done by Nickle or Chrome Plating Factory is regulated under The Hazardous Wastes (Management, Handling and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2008.
Documents required for submission
The documents which are compulsory while submitting the application for hazardous waste Authorisation are: –
- Certificate of incorporation (CIN)/LLP;
- MOA (Memorandum Of Association);
- AOA (Article of Association);
- Board resolution for appointing an authorised person;
- Aadhar card;
- PAN copy;
- Layout Plans;
- GST certificate of business;
- Rent/proof of ownership;
- Factory license/Trade license
Ground Water Boring Authorisation
The authorisation relating to groundwater boring is essential for Consent NOC for Nickle and Chrome plating factories due to the significant demand for water in the plating process, producing a vast quantity of water waste. The authorisation process will include submitting the application online with the applicable documents once the log-in ID is formed on the official portal of the authority. Once the forms for infrastructure Water boring NOC are submitted, it is inspected and reviewed by the authorities mandated under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. Once the authorities have adequately reviewed the application, authorisation is granted in case of no issues. After authorisation for Ground Water Boring is granted, the applicant is mandated to install an IoT-based Monitoring System for groundwater within 90 days.
Nickle and Chrome Plating factory are very lucrative to the market as well as for the longevity of the material, but with the amount of pollution caused during its production process, it is very important that factories or manufacturing units acquire Consent NOC for Nickle and Chrome Plating Factories so that authorities can regulate and monitor the activities of the unit for sustainability of the environment.
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