Overview of Product Certification
Product Certification is a mark for assuring the fact that the manufacturer has tested the Product and the Product is as per the specified quality standard. The packaged products with such marks ensure their quality. Such certification mark specifies the area of Product's origin, materials used in manufacturing, mode of production, nature and characteristics of Product, etc. Various types of marks are available under the head of Product Certification; some are mandatory while others are advisory. Products are identified by lab testing by the manufacturers of such products before applying for Product Certification, and it is a mandatory step as recognised by the Government of India.
The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), which comes under the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO Standards), governs product certification in India. BIS's role is to test, inspect and certify products to comply with product safety standards. It ensures the safety of people who are associated with such products. The Product that fails to meet such compliances is considered too risky for both the consumer and the entity. Before granting the certificate to the products, rigorous testing is performed by the recognised testing laboratory.
The benefit of Product Certification is that it gives comprehensive and global recognition of Products and ensures that the products comply completely with national and international law.
Eligibility to apply for Product Certification
The following are eligible to apply for Product Certification:
Types of Product Certification Mark
The following are different types of Product Certification Mark recognised by BIS:
- ISI Mark
This mark is recognised for the standard industrial products in India. It is mandatory for the products to have ISI Mark, especially for electronic products. Also, for some of the products, it is considered voluntary. It ensures that the Product is complying with the standard laid down by BIS, and it is indicated as IS: xxx on top of the package of the Product or the Product itself, as per the requirement.
AGMARK is issued for agricultural products by the Directorate of Marketing and Inspection of the Government of India and is legally enforced by the Agricultural Procedure (Grading and Marking) Act, 1937 in India. There is a Central AGMARK Laboratory (CAL) in Nagpur, and there are eleven Regional AGMARK Laboratories (RAL) in New Delhi, Mumbai, Bhopal, Chennai, Kochi, Kolkata, Kanpur, Guntur, Amritsar, Jaipur and Rajkot.
- FPO Mark
FPO Mark is mandatory on processed fruit products that are sold in India. Such products can be recognised as packaged fruit juices, fruit jams, pickles, crushes and squashes, dehydrated fruit products and fruit extracts. This mark ensures that the Product is manufactured in a hygienic environment and fit for consumption.
- BIS Hallmark
In India, the BIS Hallmark is mandatory for precious metals, especially for gold and silver jewellery. This mark ensures the purity of such metal. It certifies that the jewellery is complying with the standards as stated by BIS.
- Non-Polluting Vehicle Mark
For any new motor vehicle sold in India, obtaining the Non-Polluting Vehicle Mark is mandatory. This mark ensures that the motor vehicle complies with the relevant provisions of Bharat Stage Emission Standards. The validity of this mark is only for six months.
- Indian Organic Certification
Indian Organic Certification is a mark for farm products that are processed in India. This mark ensures that an organic food product complies with National Standards for Organic Products. It confirms that the raw materials or any other materials used in the manufacturing of the Product are grown in an organic way of farming, i.e., they are free from chemical fertilisers, pesticides or induced hormones.
- ECO Mark
BIS issues ECO Marks for products that conform to a set standard to cause the most negligible impact on the ecosystem. It is granted to Eco-friendly products such as soaps and detergents, paints, food items, Lubricating Oils, Batteries, Food Additives, Wood Substitutes, Packing/Packaging Materials, Cosmetics, Aerosols and Propellants, Plastic Products, Textiles, Architectural Paints and Powder Coatings, Electrical and Electronic Goods, Fire Extinguisher, Leather and Coir & Coir Products.
Green and brown dot
Green and brown dot marks are printed on all food products to differentiate their nature. The Brown dot indicates that the packed food item is non-vegetarian, and the green dot indicates that the packed food item is vegetarian. These are mandatorily placed in a prominent place on the package of the food items.
Necessary Papers Required for Product Certification
Necessary Papers required for any application filed under BIS require testing necessary papers, brand necessary papers, authorisation necessary papers, etc. Other necessary papers required for filing an application to obtain Product Certification are as follows:
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Procedure to obtain Product Certification
Procedure to obtain Product Certification under BIS includes the following mandatory steps:
A detailed process for obtaining Product Certification is mentioned below:
Step 1: Check and identify appropriate Indian Standard Product
Steps 2: Filing of application with required details
- Raw materials
- Manufacturing process and machines used
- Location of Manufacturing unit
- Details of Product testing
- Plan layout
- Requisite fees
Step 3: Lab Testing of Products
Step 4: Objection raised by BIS
Step 5: Manufacturing Unit Inspection
Step 6: Issue of Product Certificate
Product Certification is valid for two years, and a renewal application for the same is filed on completion of 2 years with the required renewal fee.
Lab Testing Process
Procedure for Lab Testing in case of Product Certification is as follows:
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Frequently Asked Questions
- BIS License
- Appropriate process controls
- Quality control
- Testing capabilities
- Other relevant requirements asked by Indian Standard Specification (ISS)