Overview of Haryana Pollution Control Board
Haryana Pollution Control Board is an authority under the Haryana State Government that regulates and implements various environmental laws to ensure the safety and health of people living in the State and to keep a check on environmental degradation. The Haryana State Government has adopted different uniform environmental laws framed by Central Government to control the environmental pollution in the State.
The Haryana State Pollution Control Board (HSPCB) was constituted in 1974 by the Haryana State Government after the coming of the Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act 1974. At that time, it was constituted to preserve the wholeness of water. Now it has been entrusted to implement environmental laws in the State of Haryana.
Haryana Pollution Control Board Consent and registration
The individual or business entity involved in manufacturing activities, hotels, hospitals and other similar activities is needed to obtain a license or permission from Haryana State Pollution Control Board. It is obtained to ensure that the activities are compliant with the rules and regulations implemented by the Haryana Pollution Control Board. It is also obtained to make sure that the air and water pollution by such activities are within the limit set by the Haryana State Pollution Control Board (HSPCB).
Such license or permission by Haryana State Pollution Control Board is also called Pollution Control Board consent or Pollution Board NOC. The certificate given to the white category industries is called Pollution Board registration, and the certificate granted to other industries is called the Pollution Board consent. There are two types of consent granted by the State Pollution Control Board one is Consent to Establish, and the other is Consent to Operate. Consent to Establish is granted for establishing a business, etc. and Consent to Operate is granted after the Consent to Establish to start business operation.
The objective of the Haryana Pollution Control Board
The followings are the objectives of the Haryana State Pollution Control Board:
- It controls the pollution at the source with regard to the techno-economic feasibility for liquid effluents and gaseous emissions.
- It ensures that the natural water and its resources are not polluted by untreated discharge of sewage.
- It maximizes the recycling and reuse of sewage and trade effluents and their use on land for different purposes such as irrigation and industrial purpose after the appropriate treatment.
- It minimizes the pollution control requirements by relocating the industry wherever it is necessary.
- It functions in the direction of effective control of water and air pollution and maintaining and restoring water and air quality.
- To deal with highly polluting industries, highly polluted areas of the State and highly polluted rivers on priority.
- To identify pollution sources and initiate a follow-up action for abatement, prevention and control of pollution.
- To spread awareness about environmental pollution through education and especially among local authorities.
- To promote measures and assistance through incentives, guidelines, demonstration plants and the development of cost-effective technologies.
- To motivate industries or local authorities to take preventive measures for pollution control.
- To train, develop laboratories and strengthen manpower and infrastructure in regard to strengthen the capacities for the control of pollution.
Industries Categorized by the Haryana Pollution Control Board
The Haryana State Pollution Control Board has categorized the industries into White, Green, Orange and Red industries. Such categorization is done for the location of industries, aims of consent management and formulation of norms associated with surveillance.
The white category industries have a pollution index of up to 20; for green, it is 21-40; for orange, it is 41-59; and for red, it is 60 or above. Industries under the green, orange and red categories are needed to apply for Consent to Establish and Consent to Operate under the Air and Water Act, while the industries falling under the white category just need to intimate with an Understanding within 30 days from the Establishment of business to Haryana State Pollution Control Board.
The industries falling under the red category are highly polluting. Some examples of such industries are Cement, Iron and Steel, Sugar, Coal Making Firecrackers, Airport and Commercial strips and 5 Star Hotels. The medium polluting industries are categorized as orange and green industries; such industries are Ayurvedic and Homeopathic medicine, baker and café, foam making, building and construction project, food and vegetable processing and hotels with less than three stars. The industries falling under white are less polluting.
Documents required for Haryana Pollution Control Board consent
The documents required for filing an application to Haryana Pollution Control Board are the following:
- Aadhar Card and Pan card of Authorized person
- Certificate of Incorporation (CIN), in case of a Private Company
- PAN Card of the unit, in case of Partnership
- Authorization letter except in case of Proprietorship
- Proof of Ownership
- CA Letter for total project cost
- GST Certificate
- Rent Agreement
- Detailed Project Report
- Utility Bill
- Layout Plan/ Site plan
- FSSAI Certificate, in case of food business
Procedure to obtain consent from Haryana Pollution Control Board
The consent issued by Haryana Pollution Control Board is as per the Water and Air Act. No industry can emit or discharge air or water pollution without obtaining consent from the Haryana State Pollution Control Board, and even no industry can be established or operated without obtaining such consent.
Such consents are obtained by fulfilling certain conditions with the required fee and by following these steps:
- Identification of Category
A new industry first has to identify the category under which it falls. If the industry falls under either red, orange or green, then only it has to apply for the consent from the Pollution Control Board; otherwise, industries falling under the white category are exempted from obtaining the consent from Haryana Pollution Control Board.
- Filing of Application
The new industry has to apply for consent to the Haryana Pollution Control Board by submitting necessary documents with the requisite fee and fulfilling all the required conditions.
- Scrutinization of Application
The application by the applicant for obtaining the consent of the Haryana Pollution Control Board is scrutinized by the nodal officer. And if the application is found incomplete, then a show-cause notice is sent to the applicant within 15 days of refusal of such application.
- Reply of show cause notice.
In response to the show-cause notice, a reply is filed by the applicant in the prescribed time, and again such reply is scrutinized by the field officer of the district.
- Issue of consent
The consent of the Haryana Pollution Control Board is issued within 30 days. And in case of refusal, after the fulfilment of the conditions required, then within 60 days, the consent is issued.
Validity of the consent granted by HPCB
The validity of the consent granted by the Haryana Pollution Control Board (HPCB) falls under the following two conditions:
- Consent is granted to an industry where the environment clearance is required to be valid for seven years.
- Consent granted to an industry where such clearance is not required is valid for five years.
The category of the industries also determines the validity of consent. So, in the case of the white category, the validity is for seven years. In the case of green, orange and red, the validity of consent to establish is one year or till the Establishment of premises. And in the case of consent to operate for the green category, it is up to ten years, and for the red and orange category, it is five years.
Renewal of consent granted by HPCB
For renewal of consent, the applicant needs to apply at Haryana Pollution Control Board at least 90 days prior to the expiry of the consent. The renewal of consent is done only one time. The consent renewed is valid for up to two years only. The procedure for renewal is similar to the process of obtaining consent from the Haryana Pollution Control Board.
Purposes for which HPCB consent is required
The Haryana Pollution Control Board's consent is required for the following purposes:
- Construction of premises
- Installation of machinery
- Electricity connection
- Trade license
- Factory license
- Health Trade license
- Eating House License
- Police NOC
- Department of Tourism
- Boring NOC
- Liquor license
Any industry generating hazardous waste, bio-medical waste, solid waste or e-waste shall apply to Haryana Pollution Control Board to obtain consent under Water and Air Act.
Any industry discharging effluent or air emission is required to obtain such consent from HPCB. Even the units manufacturing plastic carry bags or multi-layered plastics shall also obtain consent from the Pollution Control Board. These consents are required for the management of hazardous waste, bio-medical waste, municipal solid waste, recycled waste, used batteries, noise pollution, and ozone layer depletion.
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Frequently Asked Questions
The Haryana Pollution Control Board/ HPCB is an authority that regulates and implements all the pollution-related laws in the State of Haryana.
Any individual or entity engaged in manufacturing, hospitals, hotels, restaurants, and health care services shall have a Haryana Pollution Control Board consent.
Any aggrieved person can challenge the action or order of HPCB at the National Green Tribunal.
The legislatures which are governed by the Haryana Pollution Control Board (HPCB) are:
The Haryana Pollution Control Board (HPCB) issues the following authorizations:
The validity of a renewed consent granted by the HPCB is for two years.
The DG Set Owners are required to provide an acoustic chamber and also have to comply with the standards.
An authorized dealer or sale shop handling waste automobile batteries must register with HPCB and file returns to it.
The industries are divided by the HPCB under red, orange, green and white categories.