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Overview of Copyright for Public Performance Right/Public Performance License

Public Performance Right-

Performing right is the permission granted to perform music in public. The lawful right to publicly display a film or video is called Public Performance Rights. Generally, the media producer or the distributor manages these Public Performance Rights. As a matter of fact, a section of copyright law demands payment to the music's composer/lyricist and publisher. If the performances take place in a public place and the audience is beyond a normal circle of friends and family, then the Performances are considered as "public".

Public Performance License-

A public performance license is an arrangement between a music user and the owner of a copyrighted song that permits the user to play the song in public, online, or on radio. This permission is termed as Public performance rights or Performing Rights.

Connectivity between Public Performance Right and Public Performance License

The major connectivity between the Public performance right and Public Performance license is that the holder of the rights can ascribe the Public Performance right to others through a Public Performance License.

What is Included in Public Performance that Requires Public Performance Right?

The Public performances include concert discotheque, restaurants, programs, and cable television, radio, and any other telecast performance of a live song. To perform a song publicly, permission must be granted by the copyright holder or a major rights organization.

Key Features of Public Performance Right

  • The screening must be accessible to the public.
  • The access is not restricted.
  • The broadcast is in a public space, for instance, auditorium, library, ground, etc.
  • People over there are from outside the general crowd.

Requirement of Public Performance Right

Public Performance Right is required when a music user is screening any copyrighted song (Work) to the public for purposes that are considered as the outside of the regular program-based instruction. They are as follows:-

  • Students or the institute organizing events.
  • Conferences, programs, presentations, or other events on campus.
  • Film series or festivals.

The music user (Individual and organization) is accountable and liable for obtaining the performance rights for all publicly telecast channel.

Why it is Important to Obtain a Public Performance License?

When a music user perform in public a song he/she did not write, or wants play recorded music in public, such as at a nightclub, restaurant, concert, on the radio, or Broadcasting online, public performance licenses are required. A public performance license is essential regardless how small a portion of the song has been used. However, an individual or organization does not need a public performance license for songs; the songs he/she wrote himself/herself or songs that are in the public domain.

Public performance licenses must be obtained before playing copyrighted music in public. New business owners should forecast this expense and include public performance licensing into their plans before facilitating such work. Existing business owners that wish to harmonize past impropriety or add public performance rights should contact the Public Performance rights agencies to avail the license.

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What are the Documents required for Copyright for Public Performance Right/Public Performance License?

The Documents required for Copyright for Public Performance Right/Public Performance License are as follows:-

  • Proper paper works and details required for the Proposal
  • 2 copies of the work (Proposal).
  • Power of Attorney, if a filing is done through an advocate or the representative other than the applicant.
  • No Objection Certificate from the applicant (Publisher) if other persons are also involved other than the applicant. Also, NOC from the music owner is required if the applicant is other than the music owner.
  • Demand Drafts/IPO with a respective amount as per work.

What are the Benefits of Copyright for Public Performance Right /Public Performance License?

Copyright for a Public Performance Right/License is a legal expression used to express the rights that the music owner has over their works. It is not compulsory to obtain the copyright protection, but it is always safe to get the Copyright Registration done. By obtaining the copyright license, the user will be able to recognize the ownership of your work for a minimum period. This encourages the owner to display more works of his/her ideas and themes. Hence, an individual should protect his work by registering for a copyright license. The advantages of Copyright for a Public Performance Right/License are-

What are the Benefits of Copyright for Public Performance Right

What is the Procedure to Obtain the Copyright for Public Performance Right/License?


The procedure to obtain the copyright PPR/PPL is very simple and can be obtained by making an application to the respective regional office of the PPL. An applicant is also required to pay the fees along with the application.

How to Obtain the License

The applicant is required to contact the agency that controls all the Public Performance License. All an individual or organization has to do is to report the playlists to the agencies and certain sum of revenues for royalties must be included, then the PPR agencies will issue the respective to the copyright holders.

When to secure the Public Performance License?

The license must be secured before playing copyrighted music in public. New business owners should forecast the expenses and obtain public performance licenses.

How CorpBiz helps its clients in Copyright for Copyright for Public Performance Right/License?

CorpBiz helps its client in Copyright Registration by providing services like Filing the application, arrangement of Documents and resolving the discrepancies (If arises). CorpBiz also offers various services related to Copyright, Patent and Trademark. Our experts will assist you by providing the legal advice related to copyright registration and its compliances and support you throughout right from the application, collecting the information, till your work gets registered. The entire process of Copyright for literary work is done online so there is no need for you to go out and follow up with the government authorities. Our team will take care of all the mandatory requirements as well. Corpbiz helps in-

  • Free consultancy from our experts,
  • Process Application of Copyright registration,
  • Assists in Documentation as per the requirement,
  • Filing of Copyright Application and follow up with the authority,
  • Quality services at pocket price.
  • Helps in Proper execution of literary Copyright work.

We at Corpbiz have trained professionals to help you throughout the Copyright Registration procedure. Our Experts will guide and assist you with the whole process of filing the applications for copyright and related services and also ensures the timely and effective completion of your work.Any person having queries about what category his/her work might fall under the copyright Act or having trouble in applying copyright within the correct category, feel free to contact our experienced and trained professionals at Corpbiz.

How to Determine the Costing of Public Performance License?

There are many factors like dependency or the place of performance that determines the costing of a Public Performance License. Every PPR company has a different or list of places covering from restaurants, malls, retail stores, or in any public place. Each of these categories gets broken down even further by several people or the venue. If the venue is such where the gathering is not more than 40-50 people, the cost of a Public Performance license will be less. However, if the place is such where the gathering is more than 300-400 people it may cost high. The best way to determine the costing of public performance is to start the process and take an expert opinion from the PPR Agencies.

Frequently Asked Questions

The Copyright of a song is owned by the individual who writes or records an original song owns the copyright.

Copyright for Public Performance Right is important-
  • Protects the reputation of the maker of the song,
  • Attracts the attention of the Public,
  • To protect the copyrighted work and makes you stand out in the public.
  • It helps in saving from the monetary loss.
  • Restricting unauthorized access.
  • Global protection and Branding.

The copyright Act provides the exclusive rights to the owner of copyright and lists out the specific protected works that the owner can publicly perform. To restrict this very comprehensive right, only copyright owners have the right to perform their work publicly, however, private performances are exempt from infringement.

The five exclusive rights given to the music owner of the work are-
  • Rights of reproduction,
  • Rights of adaptation,
  • Rights of publication,
  • Right to perform, and
  • Right to display.

The right to perform a song in public is one of the exclusive rightsgiven to the copyright holder of the song. A person needs to obtain a license before playing music in public unless the music is in the Public Domain.

  • Determining if permission is required or not.
  • Identify the copyrighted owner.
  • Identify the rights required.
  • Communicate with the owner and negotiate whether payment is required.
  • Get the permission agreement from the owner.

Public performance includes any music played beyond a normal circle of friends and family. The owner of the music has the exclusive right to play their music publicly and to authorize others to do so under copyright law.

Copyright law allows a 3rdparty to freely update an unauthorized recording of a producer's live performance on the internet, with no action taken against them.

If the music user uses the song without getting the license from the PPR agencies, it will be treated as Infringement and the user will be liable as per the Copyright Act.

  • Literary work
  • Musical Work
  • Sound recordings

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